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Agent-based modeling (ABM) is an in silico technique that is being used in a variety of research areas such as in social sciences, economics and increasingly in biomedicine as an interdisciplinary tool to study the dynamics of complex systems. Here, we describe its applicability to integrative tumor biology research by introducing a multi-scale tumor(More)
Simulating cancer behavior across multiple biological scales in space and time, i.e., multiscale cancer modeling, is increasingly being recognized as a powerful tool to refine hypotheses, focus experiments, and enable more accurate predictions. A growing number of examples illustrate the value of this approach in providing quantitative insights in the(More)
HIWI, the human homologue of Piwi family, is present in CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells and germ cells, but not in well-differentiated cell populations, indicating that HIWI may play an impotent role in determining or maintaining stemness of these cells. That HIWI expression has been detected in several type tumours may suggest its association with clinical(More)
Hydrophobic polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) scaffolds made of a copolyester of 3-hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyhexanoate (PHBHHx) were coated with a fusion protein PHA granule binding protein PhaP fused with RGD peptide (PhaP-RGD). Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) were inoculated on/in the scaffolds for formation of articular cartilages derived from(More)
Ames dwarf mice are long-lived and insulin sensitive, and have a normal or reduced percentage of body fat. Calorie restriction (CR) is known to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce body fat. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of improved insulin sensitivity in the Ames dwarfs and the effects of CR on adipose signaling and metabolism(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is frequently overexpressed in many cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In silico modeling is considered to be an increasingly promising tool to add useful insights into the dynamics of the EGFR signal transduction pathway. However, most of the previous modeling work focused on the molecular or(More)
IL-35 is a member of the IL-12 family of cytokines that is comprised of an IL-12 p35 subunit and an IL-12 p40-related protein subunit, EBV-induced gene 3 (EBI3). IL-35 functions through IL-35R and has a potent immune-suppressive activity. Although IL-35 was demonstrated to be produced by regulatory T cells, gene-expression analysis revealed that it is(More)
With more and more social network data being released, protecting the sensitive information within social networks from leakage has become an important concern of publishers. Adversaries with some background structural knowledge about a target individual can easily re-identify him from the network, even if the identifiers have been replaced by randomized(More)
Quantum technology is maturing to the point where quantum devices, such as quantum communication systems, quantum random number generators and quantum simulators may be built with capabilities exceeding classical computers. A quantum annealer, in particular, solves optimization problems by evolving a known initial configuration at non-zero temperature(More)