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We aimed to test if fosinopril reduces urinary protein excretion and alleviates renal tubular damage in normotensive children with steroid-resistant idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (SRINS). We also aimed to evaluate whether there are changes in steady-state blood pressure and serum concentrations of serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and plasma renin(More)
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) presents as nephrotic syndrome (NS) relatively rarely, and the current treatment experience of IgAN patients with NS is mostly with adults. The objective of our study was to investigate the efficacy of corticosteroids and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating childhood immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) with nephrotic(More)
China has made rapid progress in four key domains of global health. China's health aid deploys medical teams, constructs facilities, donates drugs and equipment, trains personnel, and supports malaria control mainly in Africa and Asia. Prompted by the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003, China has prioritised the control of(More)
BACKGROUND Combined hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIg) and lamivudine in prophylaxis of the recurrence of hepatitis B after liver transplantation has significantly improved the survival of HBsAg positive patients. This study was undertaken to evaluate the outcomes of liver transplantation for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS A retrospective(More)
Treating children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) has been a clinical challenge for pediatricians. We recruited 24 children (18 boys and six girls) with steroid-resistant idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (SRINS) who were <2 years. All patients were administered prednisone 2 mg/kg per day prior to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). By the end of the(More)
In this Review we examine the progress and challenges of China's ambitious 1998 reform of the world's largest health professional educational system. The reforms merged training institutions into universities and greatly expanded enrolment of health professionals. Positive achievements include an increase in the number of graduates to address human(More)
Glioblastomas are the most aggressive forms of primary brain tumors due to their tendency to invade surrounding healthy brain tissues, rendering them largely incurable. The water channel protein, Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a key molecule for maintaining water and ion homeostasis in the central nervous system and has recently been reported with cell survival(More)
BACKGROUND Nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve (NRLN) is a rare anatomic anomaly, which often co-occurs with aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). With this large case series, we present our experience of predicting the presence of NRLN by the means of chest X-ray film, thoracic computed tomography (CT), and ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)