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Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) causes progressive hemorrhagic necrosis (PHN), a poorly understood pathological process characterized by hemorrhage and necrosis that leads to devastating loss of spinal cord tissue, cystic cavitation of the cord, and debilitating neurological dysfunction. Using a rodent model of severe cervical SCI, we tested the hypothesis(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes secondary brain injury due to vasospasm and inflammation. Here, we studied a rat model of mild-to-moderate SAH intended to minimize ischemia/hypoxia to examine the role of sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) in the inflammatory response induced by SAH. mRNA for Abcc8, which encodes SUR1, and SUR1 protein were abundantly(More)
Cerebral ischemia causes increased transcription of sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1), which forms SUR1-regulated NC(Ca-ATP) channels linked to cerebral edema. We tested the hypothesis that hypoxia is an initial signal that stimulates transcription of Abcc8, the gene encoding SUR1, via activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1). In the brain microvascular(More)
The role of transient receptor potential M4 (Trpm4), an unusual member of the Trp family of ion channels, is poorly understood. Using rodent models of spinal cord injury, we studied involvement of Trpm4 in the progressive expansion of secondary hemorrhage associated with capillary fragmentation, the most destructive mechanism of secondary injury in the(More)
N-glycosylation is important for the function and regulation of ion channels. We examined the role of N-glycosylation of transient receptor potential melastatin (Trpm) 4b, a membrane glycoprotein that regulates calcium influx. Trpm4b was expressed in vivo in all rat tissues examined. In each tissue, Trpm4b had a different molecular mass, between ∼129 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the expression of human telomerase catalytic subunit, hTERT, in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its correlations to c-myc gene. METHODS hTERT and c-myc mRNA expressions were detected by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Statistical correlation analysis was made to estimate(More)
Cognitive disturbances after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequent, even when neuroimaging shows no overt hemorrhagic or other abnormality. Sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) plays a key role in various forms of CNS injury, but its role in hippocampal dysfunction after mild to moderate TBI is unknown. To assess the hypothesis that postinjury SUR1(More)
Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) associated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) complicates and limits its use in stroke. Here, we provide a focused review on the involvement of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in rt-PA-associated HT in cerebral ischemia, and we review emerging evidence that the selective inhibitor of the sulfonylurea(More)
XML indexing is an important method for accelerating query processing. Existing structural indexes suffer from the problems of redundant traversal and lack of scalability for answering multiple queries simultaneously. In this paper, we present a novel index called as SIMP, which is an efficient XML structural index for multiple query processing. We first(More)
Given a document repository, search engine is very helpful to retrieve information. Currently, vertical search is a hot topic, and Google Scholar <sup>[4]</sup> is an example for academic search. However, most vertical search engines only return the flat ranked list without an efficient result exhibition for given users. We study this problem and designed a(More)
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