Zhihhe Chen

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Adult mammalian brains are capable of some structural plasticity. Although the basic cellular mechanisms underlying learning and memory are being revealed, extrinsic factors contributing to this plasticity remain unspecified. White-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) are particularly well suited to investigate brain plasticity because they show marked(More)
Previous studies have localized a central pattern generator for mastication to the midline pontomedullary reticular formation (RF) based on cortically induced ororhythmic movements. The present study determined whether this same substrate mediated licking responses evoked by more natural stimuli. Licking in the awake rat was initiated either through an(More)
Photoperiodism is a biological phenomenon, common among organisms living outside of the tropics, by which environmental day length is used to ascertain the time of year to engage in seasonally-appropriate adaptations. White-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) are small photoperiodic rodents which display a suite of adaptive winter responses to short day(More)
Neurons in the lower brainstem that control consummatory behavior are widely distributed in the reticular formation (RF) of the pons and medulla. The intrinsic membrane properties of neurons within this distributed system shape complex excitatory and inhibitory inputs from both orosensory and central structures implicated in homeostatic control to produce(More)
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity that involves both peripheral and central mechanisms. To elucidate central pathways by which oral and visceral signals are influenced by high-fat diet (HFD) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, we recorded from neurons in the caudal visceral nucleus of the solitary tract (cNST, N=287) and(More)
Inhibition is presumed to play an important role in gustatory processing in the rostral nucleus of the solitary tract (rNST). One source of inhibition, GABA, is abundant within the nucleus and comes both from local, intrasolitary sources and from outside the nucleus. In addition to the receptor-mediated effects of GABA on rNST neurons, the(More)
Antithrombotic effect of the copper-aspirin complex (dimeric copper(II) bis(o-acetoxybenzoate) was evaluated in the model of venous thrombosis; its effects on platelet-neutrophil adhesion were investigated by use of rosette assay. The results showed that the intragastrically administered copper-aspirin complex (5, 7, and 10 mg kg(-1)) dose-dependently(More)
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