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Primary cilia play a key role in the pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The affected proteins, polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), interact with each other and are expressed in cilia. We found that COOH-terminal truncated PC2 (PC2-L703X), lacking the PC1 interaction region, still traffics to cilia. We examined PC2(More)
During kidney organogenesis, tubular epithelial cells proliferate until a functional tubule is formed as sensed by cilia bending in response to fluid flow. This flow-induced ciliary mechanosensation opens the calcium (Ca(2+)) channel polycystin-2 (PC2), resulting in a calcium flux-mediated cell cycle arrest. Loss or mutation of either PC2 or its regulatory(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase that plays a critical role in cell motility. Movement and retraction of podocyte foot processes, which accompany podocyte injury, suggest focal adhesion disassembly. To understand better the mechanisms by which podocyte foot process effacement leads to proteinuria and kidney failure, we studied(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) results from failure of the kidney to properly maintain three-dimensional structure after loss of either polycystin-1 or -2. Mice with kidney selective inactivation of Pkd1 during embryogenesis develop profound renal cystic disease and die from renal failure within 3 weeks of birth. In this model, cysts form exclusively(More)
Polycystin 1, the product of the PKD1 gene, is mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, a disease characterized by renal cyst formation and progressive renal failure. We show that expression of the C-terminal domain of human polycystin-1 (PKD1-CT) triggers spreading of isolated inner medullary collecting duct cells, a process mediated by(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) can arise from either developmental or postdevelopmental processes. Recessive PKD, caused by mutations in PKHD1, is a developmental defect, whereas dominant PKD, caused by mutations in PKD1 or PKD2, occurs by a cellular recessive mechanism in mature kidneys. Oriented cell division is a feature of planar cell polarity that(More)
Polycystin-2 (PC-2) is a non-selective cation channel that, when mutated, results in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. In an effort to understand the regulation of this channel, we investigated the role of protein phosphorylation in PC-2 function. We demonstrated the direct incorporation of phosphate into PC-2 in cells and tissues and found that(More)
Polycystin-2 (PC-2) is a non-selective cation channel that, when mutated, results in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. In an effort to understand the regulation of this channel, we investigated the role of protein phosphorylation in PC-2 function. We demonstrated the direct incorporation of phosphate into PC-2 in cells and tissues and found that(More)
Mutations in Pkd1, encoding polycystin-1 (PC1), cause autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). We show that the carboxy-terminal tail (CTT) of PC1 is released by γ-secretase-mediated cleavage and regulates the Wnt and CHOP pathways by binding the transcription factors TCF and CHOP, disrupting their interaction with the common transcriptional(More)
Cyst growth in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is thought to be due to increased tubular cell proliferation. One model to explain this altered proliferation suggests that the polycystin proteins PC1 and PC2 localize to apical cilia and serve as an integral part of the flow-sensing pathway thus modulating the proliferative(More)