Zhiguo Zheng

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OBJECTIVES MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been underlined as a promising potential biomarker for breast cancer but are limited to tissue specimens. Clinical specimens of sera are more abundant and more conveniently collected than tissues. This work was designed to investigate the expression and correlation of a selected panel of miRNAs associated with breast tumor(More)
Free radical scavenging effects of the cellular protein extracts from two strains of Deinococcus radiodurans and Escherichia coli against O2-, H2O2 and *OH were investigated by chemiluminescence (CL) methods. The cellular protein extracts of D. radiodurans R1 and KD8301 showed higher scavenging effects on O2- than that of E. coli. D. radiodurans R1 and(More)
In order to reveal the mechanisms of the extreme radioresistance and DNA repair in Deinococcus radiodurans, we examined proteome changes in a wild-type strain following gamma-irradiation using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Silver-staining. The expression levels of 26 protein spots showed significant changes under radiation stress.(More)
The protein DRA0074 is suggested to be another LexA in Deinococcus radiodurans, having similar motifs and RecA-mediated cleavage activity to D. radiodurans LexA (dra0344). However, its function has not been studied. We disrupted the gene dra0074 and measured its effect on RecA induction using fusion translation, immunoblot, and proteomic analysis. Results(More)
The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) plays a critical role in macromolecule biosynthesis and maintaining cellular redox homoeostasis in rapidly proliferating cells. Upregulation of the PPP has been shown in several types of cancer. However, how the PPP is regulated to confer a selective growth advantage on cancer cells is not well understood. Here we show(More)
A negative selection strategy was used in the present study to isolate long polyA-minus RNAs from the total transcriptome and a long non-coding RNA named Yiya was identified. Yiya is a 1.9 kb long intergenic ncRNA gene mapped to chromosome 1q41, a well-established cancer susceptibility locus. Expression profiling revealed a general and regulated expression(More)
Deinococcus radiodurans shows remarkable resistance to reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated by irradiation. Disruption of recX (dr1310) in D. radiodurans using targeted mutagenesis method enhanced its ROS scavenging activity, and recX overexpression in this bacterium repressed its antioxidant activity significantly. Further analyses on catalase and(More)
Drug resistance poses a major challenge to ovarian cancer treatment. Understanding mechanisms of drug resistance is important for finding new therapeutic targets. In the present work, a cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell line A2780-DR was established with a resistance index of 6.64. The cellular accumulation of cisplatin was significantly reduced in(More)
CONTEXT Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is up-regulated in a number of human malignant cells and becomes a promising target for anticancer drug development. OBJECTIVE To evaluate N-acetyl-S-(p-chlorophenylcarbamoyl)cysteine (NACC), a potent anticancer agent against melanoma, as an inhibitor of mammalian TrxR1. MATERIAL AND METHODS The mechanism of(More)
Cisplatin and other platinum-based drugs have been widely used in the treatment of ovarian cancer, but most patients acquire the drug resistance that greatly compromises the efficacy of drugs. Understanding the mechanism of drug resistance is important for finding new therapeutic approaches. In the present study, we found that the expression of vimentin was(More)