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Sepsis is a highly lethal disorder characterized by systemic inflammation, and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in macrophages plays a crucial role in modulating innate immune response and outcome of sepsis. During the screening of natural products against inflammation, we identified bis-N-norgliovictin, a small-molecule compound isolated from marine-derived(More)
A rapid and selective ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the simultaneous determination of four major ingredients in Cortex Dictamni extract, including limonin, dictamnine, obacunone and fraxinellone in rats plasma. Nimodipine was used as the internal standard. Following extraction by methyl(More)
Platensimycin (PTM) and platencin (PTN) are potent and selective inhibitors of bacterial and mammalian fatty acid synthases and have emerged as promising drug leads for both antibacterial and antidiabetic therapies. Comparative analysis of the PTM and PTN biosynthetic machineries in Streptomyces platensis MA7327 and MA7339 revealed that the divergence of(More)
Platensimycin (1) and platencin (2) are novel antibiotic leads against multidrug resistant pathogens. The production of 2 in Streptomyces platensis MA7339 is under the control of ptnR1, a GntR-like transcriptional regulator. Inactivating ptnR1 afforded S. platensis MA7339 mutant strain SB12600 that overproduces 2 at a titer approximately 100-fold greater(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) negatively regulates insulin signaling, and PTP1B inhibitors have been seen as promising therapeutic agents against obesity and type 2 diabetes. Here we report that the marine natural product hyrtiosal, from the marine sponge Hyrtios erectus, has been discovered to act as a PTP1B inhibitor and to show extensive(More)
Lymphatic filariasis is caused by the parasitic nematodes Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti, and asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (AsnRS) is considered an excellent antifilarial target. The discovery of three new tirandamycins (TAMs), TAM E (1), F (2), and G (3), along with TAM A (4) and B (5), from Streptomyces sp. 17944 was reported. Remarkably, 5(More)
Since current antifungal drugs have not kept pace with the escalating medical demands of fungal infections, new, effective medications are required. However, antifungal drug discovery is hindered by the evolutionary similarity of mammalian and fungal cells, which results in fungal drug targets having human homologs and drug non-selectivity. The group III(More)
Natural products remain the best sources of drugs and drug leads and serve as outstanding small-molecule probes to dissect fundamental biological processes. A great challenge for the natural product community is to discover novel natural products efficiently and cost effectively. Here we report the development of a practical method to survey biosynthetic(More)
In this report, apoferritin as a stable bionanomaterial was modified with hemoglobin on pyrolytic graphite electrode. Rapid electron transfer reactions of hemoglobin were achieved with the help of apoferritin in a large pH range. Moreover, hemoglobin as an enzyme exhibits fine electrocatalytic activity towards the reaction of hydrogen peroxide, and a wide(More)