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The nanomaterial graphene oxide (GO) has attracted explosive interests in various areas. However, its performance in biological environments is still largely unknown, particularly with regard to cellular response to GO. Here we separated the GO sheets in different size and systematically investigated size effect of the GO in response to different types of(More)
PEGylation of proteins has become an increasingly important technology in recent years. However, determination and characterization of the PEGylation products are problematic especially for the reaction mixture containing various modified proteins, unreacted PEG, and unmodified protein. A comparative study was carried out with two HPLC methods and two(More)
The non-structural protein 3 (NS3) of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) was expressed as inactive aggregates in Escherichia coli. The protein was refolded by chromatographic techniques of which ion exchange chromatography was best for crude samples and gel filtration best for partially purified samples. Immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography showed(More)
A wall-jet microbial fuel cell (MFC) was developed for the monitoring of anaerobic digestion (AD). This biofilm based MFC biosensor had a character of being portable, short hydraulic retention time (HRT) for sample flow through and convenient for continuous operation. The MFC was installed in the recirculation loop of an upflow anaerobic fixed-bed (UAFB)(More)
A highly enantioselective cis-epoxysuccinic acid hydrolase from Nocardia tartaricans was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity. The enzyme was purified 184-fold with a yield of 18.8 %. The purified cis-epoxysuccinic acid hydrolase had a monomeric molecular weight of 28 kDa, and its optimum conditions were 37 °C and pH 7–9. With sodium cis-epoxysuccinate(More)
Succinic acid is one of the platform compounds and its production via natural feedstocks has drawn worldwide concerns. To evaluate the inhibitory effects of fermentation products on the growth of Actinobacillus succinogenes 130ZT and Escherichia coli NZN111, AFP111, BL21, fermentations with addition of individual products in medium were carried out. The(More)
High-speed counter-current chromatography was applied as a method to develop fingerprinting of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a popular traditional Chinese medicine, in our previous study. Important active constituents that were directly related to the therapy effect should be identified. Each effluent fraction and standard samples (cryptotanshinone,(More)
A three-dimensional model of the beta3-homopentamer of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor/chloride ionophore complex was developed by homology modeling using the cyro-electron microscopy structure of nicotinic acetylcholine as a template. Interactions between the beta3-homopentamer and two classes of fipronil-related non-competitive antagonists(More)
Escherichia coli strains with foreign genes under the isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactopyranoside-inducible promoters such as lac, tac, and trc were engineered and considered as the promising succinic acid-producing bacteria in many reports. The promoters mentioned above could also be induced by lactose, which had not been attempted for succinic acid production(More)
A deeper understanding of how the physical properties of particles regulate specific biological responses is becoming a crucial requirement for their successful biomedical application. To provide insights on their design and application, J774A.1 cells are exposed to particles with different diameters (430 nm, 1.9 μm and 4.8 μm), and the size effects on a(More)