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We describe a mixture density propagation algorithm to estimate 3D human motion in monocular video sequences based on observations encoding the appearance of image silhouettes. Our approach is discriminative rather than generative, therefore it does not require the probabilistic inversion of a predictive observation model. Instead, it uses a large human(More)
Reliable 3D tracking is still a difficult task. Most parametrized 3D deformable models rely on the accurate extraction of image features for updating their parameters , and are prone to failures when the underlying feature distribution assumptions are invalid. Active Shape Models (ASMs), on the other hand, are based on learning , and thus require fewer(More)
This paper presents our joint research efforts on big data benchmarking with several industrial partners. Considering the complexity, diversity, workload churns, and rapid evolution of big data systems, we take an incre-mental approach in big data benchmarking. For the first step, we pay attention to search engines, which are the most important domain in(More)
We present a conditional temporal probabilistic framework for reconstructing 3D human motion in monocular video based on descriptors encoding image silhouette observations. For computational efficiency we restrict visual inference to low-dimensional kernel induced non-linear state spaces. Our methodology (kBME) combines kernel PCA-based non-linear(More)
A field experiment was conducted to (i) examine the diurnal and seasonal soil carbon dioxide (CO(2)) fluxes pattern in rice paddy fields in central China and (ii) assess the role of floodwater in controlling the emissions of CO(2) from soil and floodwater in intermittently draining rice paddy soil. The soil CO(2) flux rates ranged from -0.45 to 8.62(More)
Synthesis and re-targeting of facial expressions is central to facial animation and often involves significant manual work in order to achieve realistic expressions, due to the difficulty of capturing high quality dynamic expression data. In this paper we address fundamental issues regarding the use of high quality dense 3-D data samples undergoing motions(More)
We present a novel framework for learning a joint shape and appearance model from a large set of un-labelled training examples in arbitrary positions and orientations. The shape and intensity spaces are unified by implicitly representing shapes as " images " in the space of distance transforms. A stochastic chord-based matching algorithm is developed to(More)
BACKGROUND Predicting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a pre-requisite for targeted prevention. Current research has identified group-level risk-indicators, many of which (e.g., head trauma, receiving opiates) concern but a subset of survivors. Identifying interchangeable sets of risk indicators may increase the efficiency of early risk assessment.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent advances in next-generation DNA sequencing enable rapid high-throughput quantitation of microbial community composition in human samples, opening up a new field of microbiomics. One of the promises of this field is linking abundances of microbial taxa to phenotypic and physiological states, which can inform development of new diagnostic,(More)