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The aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with colorectal carcinogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. This study showed that the miRNA-27a (miR-27a) was significantly reduced in colorectal cancer tissues and colorectal cancer cell lines, and that the reduced miR-27a was associated with distant metastasis and colorectal(More)
Juvenile (2–23 years old) cynomolgus monkeys are frequently used as recipients in non-human primate islet transplantation studies. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of different doses of streptozotocin (STZ), and find the optimal dose for inducing diabetes in these monkeys. Fifteen juvenile (2–3 years old) cynomolgus monkeys were separated(More)
Glutamate excitotoxicity plays a key role in inducing neuronal cell death in many neurological diseases. In mice, administration of kainic acid, an analogue of the excitotoxin glutamate, results in hippocampal cell death and seizures. Kainic-acid-induced seizures in mice provide a well-characterized model for studies of human neurodegenerative diseases.(More)
It remains a challenge to differentiate human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) or embryonic stem (ES) cells to Purkinje cells. In this study, we derived iPSCs from human fibroblasts and directed the specification of iPSCs first to Purkinje progenitors, by adding Fgf2 and insulin to the embryoid bodies (EBs) in a time-sensitive manner, which activates(More)
Glutamate excitotoxicity plays a key role in inducing neuronal cell death in many neurological diseases. In mice, intranasal administration of kainic acid (KA), an analogue of the excitotoxin glutamate, results in hippocampal cell death and provides a well-characterized model for studies of human neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we describe(More)
PTEN is a tumour suppressor frequently mutated in many types of cancers. Here we show that targeted disruption of PTEN leads to neoplastic transformation of human neural stem cells (NSCs), but not mesenchymal stem cells. PTEN-deficient NSCs display neoplasm-associated metabolic and gene expression profiles and generate intracranial tumours in(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) down-regulates microglial activation and the secretion of inflammatory molecules in an isoform specific fashion (E2 > E3 > E4); the E4 isoform is over-represented in Alzheimer cases while E2 is under-represented. To better define the role of apoE in neurodegeneration, we contrasted apoE knockout (n = 38) and wild-type mice (n = 41)(More)
Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has shown beneficial effects in models of Parkinson's disease. The mild results observed in the double-blind clinical trial by intraputamenal infusion of recombinant GDNF proteins warrant a search for alternative delivery methods. In this study, we investigated the function of autologous mesenchymal stem cells(More)