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The papaya Y-linked region showed clear population structure, resulting in the detection of the ancestral male population that domesticated hermaphrodite papayas were selected from. The same populations were used to study nucleotide diversity and population structure in the X-linked region. Diversity is very low for all genes in the X-linked region in the(More)
This paper presents explicit expressions for two different cascade factorizations of any detectable system which is not necessarily left invertible and which is not necessarily strictly proper. The first one is a well known minimum phase/all-pass factorization by which G(s) is written as Gm(s)V(s), where Gm(s) is left invertible and of minimum phase while(More)
The (q, r)-Eulerian polynomials are the (maj−exc, fix, exc) enumerative polynomials of permutations. Using Shareshian and Wachs' exponential generating function of these Eulerian polynomials, Chung and Graham proved two symmetrical q-Eulerian identities and asked for bijective proofs. We provide such proofs using Foata and Han's three-variable statistic(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Abstract. Let hom(G, H) denote the number of homomorphisms from a graph G to(More)
We investigate the diagonal generating function of the Jacobi-Stirling numbers of the second kind JS(n + k, n; z) by generalizing the analogous results for the Stir-ling and Legendre-Stirling numbers. More precisely, letting JS(n + k, n; z) = p k,0 (n) + p k,1 (n)z + · · · + p k,k (n)z k , we show that (1 − t) 3k−i+1 n≥0 p k,i (n)t n is a polynomial in t(More)