Zhichao Zhou

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Uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A) has been identified as an endothelium-derived contracting factor, which acts through purinergic P2X and P2Y receptors. Since the coronary vascular actions of Up4A are unknown, we investigated the vasoactive profile of Up4A in coronary microvessels, and studied the involvement of purinergic receptor subtypes. Studies(More)
Uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A), a novel endothelium-derived vasoactive agent, is proposed to play a role in cardiovascular disorders and induces aortic contraction through activation of cyclooxygenases (COXs). We and others demonstrated that activation of A1 or A3 adenosine receptors (ARs) results in vascular contraction via thromboxane (TX) A2(More)
The balance between the production and removal of cGMP in coronary vascular smooth muscle is of critical importance in determining coronary vasomotor tone and thus in the regulation of coronary blood flow. cGMP production by soluble guanylyl cyclase is activated by nitric oxide (NO), whereas cGMP breakdown occurs through phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5). We(More)
Angiogenesis inhibition with agents targeting tyrosine kinases of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors is an established anticancer treatment, but is, unfortunately, frequently accompanied by systemic hypertension and cardiac toxicity. Whether vascular endothelial growth factor receptor antagonism also has adverse effects on the pulmonary and(More)
We previously demonstrated that uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A) exerts a potent vasodilator effect in the healthy porcine coronary vasculature. Since the coronary microvascular effects of Up4A after myocardial infarction (MI) are unknown, the present study investigated the response to Up4A in coronary microvessels from post-MI remodeled porcine(More)
A significant endothelium-dependent vasodilation persists after inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX) in the coronary vasculature, which has been linked to the activation of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) epoxygenases expressed in endothelial cells and subsequent generation of vasodilator epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. Here, we investigated(More)
Adenosine A2A receptor (A2AAR) activation plays a major role in the regulation of coronary flow (CF). Recent studies from our laboratory and others have suggested that A2AAR expression and/or signaling is altered in disease conditions. However, the coronary response to AR activation, in particular A2AAR, in diabetes is not fully understood. In this study,(More)
Both phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibition and endothelin (ET) receptor blockade have been shown to induce pulmonary vasodilation. However, little is known about the effect of combined blockade of these two vasoconstrictor pathways. Since nitric oxide (NO) exerts its pulmonary vasodilator influence via production of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) as(More)
Nitric oxide (NO)-induced coronary vasodilation is mediated through production of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and through inhibition of the endothelin-1 (ET) system. We previously demonstrated that phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5)-mediated cGMP breakdown and ET each exert a vasoconstrictor influence on coronary resistance vessels. However, little is(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously showed that uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A)-mediated aortic contraction is partly mediated through purinergic P2X1 receptors (P2X1R). It has been reported that the plasma level of Up4A is elevated in hypertensive patients, implying a potential role for Up4A-P2X1R signaling in hypertension. This study investigated the(More)