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BACKGROUND Azathioprine is widely used for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) patients, while a consensus of timing to receive azathioprine has not been proposed. OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper was to evaluate the efficacy of early access of azathioprine in NMOSD patients. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of NMOSD patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a neurodegenerative and inflammatory demyelination disorder, and oxidative stress is concerned with the pathogenesis of the disease. Also, we found that thyroid hormone level is correlated to the oxidative and antioxidant status in previous studies. Our study was aimed to find the possible relationship between the(More)
This study is to investigate the therapeutic effects of human adipose tissue-derived stem cell (hADSC) transplantation on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice. EAE mouse model was established by MOG35-55 immunization. Body weight and neurological function were assessed. H&E and LFB staining was performed to evaluate histopathological(More)
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a progressive and autoimmune disease with inflammatory cell infiltrates into the spinal cord, and thyroid hormone (TH) level is associated with the oxidative and antioxidant status. Variations in oxidative stress and antioxidant levels are related to the pathogenesis of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Our study aimed(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies reported a lower platelet count (PC) level and a higher mean platelet volume (MPV) level in severe ischemic stroke. We define MPV/PC as the platelet ratio (PR). This study investigates the relationship between PR and 90-day outcome of large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxidative stress and variations in antioxidant status are implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM) are autoimmune diseases with inflammatory cells infiltrating into skeletal muscles, and the antioxidant status is still controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate the(More)
Let denote the class of connected plane bipartite graphs with no pendant edges. A finite face s of a graph G ∈ is said to be a forcing face of G if the subgraph of G obtained by deleting all vertices of s together with their incident edges has exactly one perfect matching. This is a natural generalization of the concept of forcing hexagons in a hexagonal(More)
The idea of integral sum graphs was introduced by Harary (1994). A graph G is said to be an integral sum graph if its nodes can be given a labeling f with distinct integers, so that for any two distinct nodes u and v of G, uv is an edge of G if and only if f(u) + f(v) = f(w) for some node w in G. A tree is said to be a generalized star if it can be obtained(More)
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