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To examine the effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 on the regulation of cartilage synthesis and other articular pathologies, we used adenovirus-mediated intra-articular gene transfer of TGF-beta1 to both naïve and arthritic rabbit knee joints. Increasing doses of adenoviral vector expressing TGF-beta1 were injected into normal and(More)
We have demonstrated previously that local, adenoviral-mediated gene transfer of viral IL-10 to a single joint of rabbits and mice with experimental arthritis can suppress disease in both the treated and untreated contralateral joints. This contralateral effect is mediated in part by APCs able to traffic from the treated joint to lymph nodes as well as to(More)
BACKGROUND For chemosensitivity and resistance assays to be clinically useful in predicting patient outcome, they should require small amounts of tissue and be highly reproducible and reliable. PATIENTS AND METHODS Expanded tumor cells from transcutaneous biopsies of breast lesions (n=62) were tested for chemoresponse using the cell-based ChemoFx assay.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that adenoviral gene transfer of the NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaB to human islets results in protection from interleukin (IL)-1beta-mediated dysfunction and apoptosis. Here we report that human and mouse islets can be efficiently transduced by a cationic peptide transduction domain (PTD-5) without impairment of islet function.(More)
IL-10 is a Th2 cytokine important for inhibiting cell-mediated immunity while promoting humoral responses. Human IL-10 (hIL-10) has anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive as well as immunostimulatory characteristics, whereas viral IL-10 (vIL-10), a homologue of hIL-10 encoded by Epstein Barr virus (EBV), lacks several immunostimulatory functions. The(More)
Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during apoptosis is associated with peroxidation of phospholipids particularly of phosphatidylserine (PS). The mechanism(s) underlying preferential PS oxidation are not well understood. We hypothesized that cytochrome c (cyt c) released from mitochondria into cytosol acts as a catalyst that utilizes ROS generated(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) therapies are currently being evaluated for the treatment of cancer. The majority of ongoing clinical trials use DCs loaded with defined antigenic peptides or proteins, or tumor-derived products, such as lysates or apoptotic cells, as sources of Ag. Although several theoretical considerations suggest that DCs expressing transgenic(More)
To explore the feasibility of skeletal gene and cell therapies, we transduced murine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with a retrovirus carrying the enhanced green fluorescent protein and zeocin-resistance genes prior to transplantation into 2-day-old immunocompetent neonatal mice. Whole-body imaging of the recipient mice at 7 days(More)
Breast cancer patients have different responses to chemotherapeutic treatments. Genes associated with drug response can provide insight to understand the mechanisms of drug resistance, identify promising therapeutic opportunities, and facilitate personalized treatment. Estrogen receptor (ER) positive and ER negative breast cancer have distinct clinical(More)
Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene cause cystic fibrosis (CF). The most common mutation, DeltaF508, omits the phenylalanine residue at position 508 in the first nucleotide binding domain (NBD1) of CFTR. The mutant protein is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system.(More)