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Brassinosteroids (BRs) bind to the extracellular domain of the receptor kinase BRI1 to activate a signal transduction cascade that regulates nuclear gene expression and plant development. Many components of the BR signaling pathway have been identified and studied in detail. However, the substrate of BRI1 kinase that transduces the signal to downstream(More)
Brassinosteroid (BR) regulates gene expression and plant development through a receptor kinase-mediated signal transduction pathway. Despite the identification of many components of this pathway, it remains unclear how the BR signal is transduced from the cell surface to the nucleus. Here we describe a complete BR signalling pathway by elucidating key(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are essential hormones for plant growth and development. BRs regulate gene expression by inducing dephosphorylation of two key transcription factors, BZR1 and BZR2/BES1, through a signal transduction pathway that involves cell-surface receptors (BRI1 and BAK1) and a GSK3 kinase (BIN2). How BR-regulated phosphorylation controls the(More)
Signal transduction involves posttranslational modifications and protein-protein interactions, which can be studied by proteomics. In Arabidopsis, the steroid hormone (brassinosteroid (BR)) binds to the extracellular domain of a receptor kinase (BRI1) to initiate a phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cascade that controls gene expression and plant growth.(More)
When brassinosteroid levels are low, the GSK3-like kinase BIN2 phosphorylates and inactivates the BZR1 transcription factor to inhibit growth in plants. Brassinosteroid promotes growth by inducing dephosphorylation of BZR1, but the phosphatase that dephosphorylates BZR1 has remained unknown. Here, using tandem affinity purification, we identified protein(More)
The plant steroid hormones brassinosteroids (BRs) play an important role in a wide range of developmental and physiological processes. How BR signaling regulates diverse processes remains unclear. To understand the molecular details of BR responses, we performed a proteomics study of BR-regulated proteins in Arabidopsis using two-dimensional DIGE coupled(More)
We have characterized a novel small heat shock protein gene, viscosity 1 (vis1) from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and provide evidence that it plays a role in pectin depolymerization and juice viscosity in ripening fruits. Expression of vis1 is negatively associated with juice viscosity in diverse tomato genotypes. vis1 exhibits DNA polymorphism among(More)
Plants adapt to environmental light conditions by photoreceptor-mediated physiological responses, but the mechanism by which photoreceptors perceive and transduce the signals is still unresolved. Here, we used 2D difference gel electrophoresis (2D DIGE) and mass spectrometry to characterize early molecular events induced by short blue light exposures in(More)
Large numbers of receptor-like kinases (RLKs) play key roles in plant development and defense by perceiving extracellular signals. The mechanisms of ligand-induced kinase activation and downstream signal transduction have been studied for only a few RLK pathways, among which the brassinosteroid (BR) pathway is the best characterized. Recently, proteomics(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Breast cancer is one of the most common neoplasms among women in many developing countries including China, and is the leading cause of female cancer-related deaths worldwide. METHODS In the current study, we analyzed the relationship between 14 tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) and breast cancer risk in the Han Chinese(More)