Zhi-zhong Cui

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MDV-GX0101 is a field strain of Marek's disease virus with a naturally occurring insertion of the reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) LTR fragment. In order to study the biological properties of REV-LTR insertion in the MDV genome, we constructed a full-length infectious BAC clone of MDV-GX0101 strain and deleted the LTR sequences by BAC mutagenesis. The(More)
An exogenous avian leukosis virus (ALV) strain SDAU09C1 was isolated in DF-1 cells from one of 240 imported 1-day-old white meat-type grand parent breeder chicks. Inoculation of SDAU09C1 in ALV-free chickens induced antibody reactions specific to subgroup A or B. But gp85 amino acid sequence comparisons indicated that SDAU09C1 fell into subgroup A; it had(More)
Myeloid leukosis (ML) cases were first diagnosed in a chicken flock of Chinese local breed in Shan dong province. The main symptom included wasting, weight loss, anemia. It caused about 10% mortality of about 15000 birds at the age of 120-day. In the necropsy, gray-white nodules and protrusions in various sizes were commonly observed on the surface of the(More)
By inoculation of blood samples in DF-1 (C/E) cell culture, an exogenous avian leukosis virus (ALV) strain SDAU09C2 was isolated from a breeder farm of Chinese native breed "Luhua" in Shandong province. Comparisons of the amino acid sequence of env gene gp85 from the isolate with those from other ALV reference strains of different subgroups indicated that(More)
In order to clarify Avian leukosis virus (ALV) characteristics from Chinese native chicken breeds, three ALV JS11C1, JS11C2 and JS11C3 were isolated from Chinese native breed "luhua" by inoculation of DF1 cell culture and detection of p27 antigen. Using PCR amplification of env gene, the amplified gp85 genes were analyzed and compared to all six chicken ALV(More)
The microRNA (miRNA) mdv1-miR-M4, a functional miR-155 ortholog encoded by oncogenic Marek's disease virus (MDV), has previously been suggested to be involved in MDV pathogenesis. Using the technique of bacterial artificial chromosome mutagenesis, we have presently evaluated the potential role of mdv1-miR-M4 in the oncogenesis of the very virulent (vv) MDV(More)
The predominant field strains of Marek’s disease virus in Guangxi were clearly different from the vaccine strain CVI988/Rispens based on sequencing of the envelope glycoprotein I (gI), glycoprotein E (gE) and oncogenic meq genes. These differences may be partly responsible for the most recent outbreaks in Guangxi.
Two experiments were used to examine the potential role of IFN-gamma in chickens infected with reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) and Marek's disease virus (MDV). First, chickens were infected with REV and/or MDV at 5 days of age and examined from 3 to 50 days post-infection (dpi). In REV+MDV co-infection chickens, IFN-gamma ELISA demonstrated a 3-fold(More)
Three cases of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) found in nature had the lentogenic motif (112)G-R-Q-G-R-L(117) in their fusion protein cleavage sites. However, both intracerebral pathogenicity and intravenous pathogenicity indexes showed that these NDV isolates were virulent. In comparison with the LaSota live virus vaccine, these viruses had significant(More)
Marek's disease virus (MDV) is a long-recognized oncogenic herpesvirus, which induces lymphoma in its natural host that can be prevented by vaccination. MDV infection provides an excellent biological model for investigating the biology, genetics and immunology of viral oncogenesis. Recently discovered microRNAs (miRNAs) in the MDV genome have been suggested(More)