Zhi-xin Wang

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Proteins of known structures are usually classified into four structural classes: all-alpha, all-beta, alpha+beta, and alpha/beta type of proteins. A number of methods to predicting the structural class of a protein based on its amino acid composition have been developed during the past few years. Recently, a component-coupled method was developed for(More)
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an abc heterotrimeric enzyme, has a central role in regulating cellular metabolism and energy homeostasis. The a-subunit of AMPK possesses the catalytic kinase domain, followed by a regulatory region comprising the autoinhibitory domain (AID) and a-linker. Structural and biochemical studies suggested thatAID is(More)
The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily of ligands signals along two intracellular pathways, Smad2/3-mediated TGF-β/activin pathway and Smad1/5/8-mediated bone morphogenetic protein pathway. The C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) serves as an E3 ubiquitin ligase to mediate the degradation of Smad proteins and many other signaling(More)
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is characterized by its ability to bind to AMP, which enables it to adjust enzymatic activity by sensing the cellular energy status and maintain the balance between ATP production and consumption in eukaryotic cells. It also has important roles in the regulation of cell growth and proliferation, and in the(More)
The energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a heterotrimeric complex that is allosterically activated by AMP binding to the γ subunit. Cocrystal structures of the mammalian AMPK core reveal occlusion of nucleotide-binding site 3 of the γ subunit in the presence of ATP. However, site 3 is occupied in the presence of AMP. Mutagenesis studies(More)
Thermolysin-like proteases (TLPs), a large group of zinc metalloproteases, are synthesized as inactive precursors. TLPs with a long propeptide (∼200 residues) undergo maturation following autoprocessing through an elusive molecular mechanism. We report the first two crystal structures for the autoprocessed complexes of a typical TLP, MCP-02. In the(More)
MAPK phosphatase 3 (MKP3) is highly specific for ERK1/2 inactivation via dephosphorylation of both phosphotyrosine and phosphothreonine critical for enzymatic activation. Here, we show that MKP3 is able to effectively dephosphorylate the phosphotyrosine, but not phosphothreonine, in the activation loop of p38α in vitro and in intact cells. The catalytic(More)
Because of the increasing gap between the data from sequencing and structural genomics, the accurate prediction of the structural class of a protein domain solely from the primary sequence has remained a challenging problem in structural biology. Traditional sequence-based predictors generally select several sequence features and then feed them directly(More)