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Histone acetyltransferases and deacetylases are two groups of enzymes whose opposing activities govern the dynamic levels of reversible acetylation on specific lysine residues of histones and many other proteins. Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinogenesis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to genetic and environmental factors, the(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of genistein and equol on 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 3 (17beta-HSD3) in human and rat testis microsomes. These enzymes (3beta-HSD and 17beta-HSD3), along with two others (cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme and cytochrome P450(More)
Androgen deprivation is commonly used in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer. The (-)-gossypol enantiomer has been demonstrated as an effective inhibitor of Bcl-2 in the treatment of prostate cancer. However, the mechanism of gossypol as an inhibitor of androgen biosynthesis is not clear. The present study compared (+)- and (-)-gossypols in the(More)
Lysine acetylation refers to transfer of the acetyl moiety from acetyl-CoA to the ε-amino group of a lysine residue on a protein. This has recently emerged as a major covalent modification and interplays with other modifications, such as phosphorylation, methylation, ubiquitination (addition of a small protein called ubiquitin) and SUMOylation [addition of(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of evidence suggests that pancreatic cancer contains cancer stem cells (CSCs), which may be relevant to the resistance of chemotherapy. Latexin (Lxn) is a negative regulator of stem cell proliferation and we investigate the effects of Lxn on CD133+ pancreatic cancer stem-like cells. METHODS CD133+ miapaca-2 cells, a human(More)
This study aims to investigate the significance and mechanism of artesunate involved in suppressing the proliferation of gastric cancer in vitro and in vivo. In the in-vitro experiments, artesunate inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cell lines (SGC-7901, BGC-823, and AGS) with concentration-dependent activity, with no significant effect on GES-1 cells.(More)
Inertial measurement unit(IMU), consisted of three mutually-perpendicular Ring Laser Gyros¿RLG¿ and three accelerometers, is an important part of RLG -based strap-down inertial navigation systems(SINS). RLG provides measurement of change in vehicle attitude or its turn rate with respect to inertial space. Accelerometer provides measurement of specific(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies regarding the association between cruciferous vegetable intake and pancreatic cancer risk have reported inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to demonstrate the potential association between them. METHODS A systematic literature search of papers was conducted in March 2014 using PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science,(More)
The cytochrome P450 2A1 (CYP2A1) is a P450 enzyme that catalyzes the metabolism of testosterone. CYP2A1 has been reported to be present in rat testis. However, its developmental changes and function have not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to measure the abundance of CYP2A1 (Cyp2a1) mRNA in the developing rat testis and Leydig cells(More)
BACKGROUND Cancers have dysfunctional redox regulation resulting in production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), damaging DNA, RNA and free NTPs, and causing the accumulation of oxidative nucleic acids in cytoplasm. The major types are 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine(8-oxoGsn) in RNA and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2' deoxyguanosine(8-oxodGsn) in Mt-DNA. The MTH1 protein(More)