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Staphylococcus epidermidis has become a serious nosocomial pathogen frequently causing infections associated with implanted foreign materials. Biofilm formation is considered a major factor determining S. epidermidis pathogenicity in such device-associated infections. Here, evidence is presented that extracellular DNA is important for the initial phase of(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, production of 16S rRNA methylases by Gram-negative bacilli has emerged as a novel mechanism for high-level resistance to aminoglycosides by these organisms in a variety of geographic locations. Therefore, the spread of high-level aminoglycoside resistance determinants has become a great concern. METHODS Between January 2006 and July(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis strains are diverse in their pathogenicity; some are invasive and cause serious nosocomial infections, whereas others are non-pathogenic commensal organisms. To analyse the implications of different virulence factors in Staphylococcus epidermidis infections, the complete genome of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain ATCC 12228, a(More)
Upregulation of xCT, the inducible subunit of a membrane-bound amino acid transporter, replenishes intracellular glutathione stores to maintain cell viability in an environment of oxidative stress. xCT also serves as a fusion-entry receptor for the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Ongoing KSHV(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the major causative agents for nosocomial infections. To reveal the pathogenesis factors, we performed the comparative proteomic analysis of invasive ATCC35984 and commensal ATCC12228 strains by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry. The(More)
Macrophages are an important source of inflammatory cytokines generated during the innate immune response,but in the microenvironment of certain tumors,macrophages promote tumor progression through their preferential secretion of cytokines that support tumor cell growth and suppress antitumoral immune responses. KSHV is the causative agent of KS and(More)
Outbreaks caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae producing carbapenemases and other β-lactamases have been reported. Four neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in a Chinese hospital developed respiratory infection while receiving intensive care. In all four cases, multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae was isolated from multiple respiratory(More)
Emmprin (extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer) is a multifunctional glycoprotein expressed by cancer cells and stromal cells in the tumor microenvironment. Through both direct effects within tumor cells and promotion of tumor-stroma interactions, emmprin induces tumor cell invasiveness and regional angiogenesis. The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated(More)
Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis has become the leading cause of foreign-body infections due to its biofilm formation on all kinds of medical-device surfaces. The biofilm development of S. epidermidis includes two steps: the initial attachment phase and the accumulative phase. In the accumulative phase, the polysaccharide intercellular adhesin(More)
The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), and the induction of an invasive cellular phenotype by KSHV following de novo infection is an important pathogenic component mediating tumor progression. The metastasis suppressor gene known as Nm23-H1 regulates tumor cell invasiveness, but whether KSHV(More)