Zhi-hui Chen

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The aim of this work was to investigate the occurrence of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) in different tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana throughout its vegetative and reproductive growth. The A. thaliana genome contains two PEPCK genes (PCK1 and PCK2), and these are predicted to generate 73,404 and 72,891 Da protein products, respectively. Both(More)
P(i) (inorganic phosphate) limitation severely impairs plant growth and reduces crop yield. Hence plants have evolved several biochemical and morphological responses to P(i) starvation that both enhance uptake and conserve use. The mechanisms involved in P(i) sensing and signal transduction are not completely understood. In the present study we report that(More)
The effect of Mn2+/Mg2+ concentration on the activity of intact, homogeneous phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) from leaves of the C4 grass, Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), have been investigated. Assay conditions were optimized so that PEPCK activity could be measured at concentrations of Mn2+/Mg2+ similar to those found in the cytosol (low(More)
In the C4 plant Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) is phosphorylated in darkened leaves and dephosphorylated in illuminated leaves. To determine whether the properties of phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated PEPCK were different, PEPCK was purified to homogeneity from both illuminated and darkened leaves. The final(More)
In cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) was shown by activity measurements and immunoblots to be present in leaves, stems, roots, flowers, fruit and seed. However, immunolocalisation showed that it was present only in certain cell types. PEPCK was present in the companion cells of the adaxial phloem of minor veins, the(More)
Previous studies of grapes and tomatoes have shown that the abundance of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) increases in their flesh at the start of ripening, and that this coincides with a decrease in its citrate and/or malate content. Thus, PEPCK might function in the catabolism of organic acid anions during the ripening of these fruits. In the(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) is thought to play many roles in C(3) plants including the provision of biosynthetic precursors and control of pH during N assimilation. Its activity is controlled via phosphorylation catalysed by PEPC kinases, which are encoded by PPCK genes. We examined PPCK expression in response to changes in the supply of N or C,(More)
Cyclic di-(3′:5′)-guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a major prokaryote signalling intermediate that is synthesized by diguanylate cyclases and triggers sessility and biofilm formation. We detected the first eukaryote diguanylate cyclases in all major groups of Dictyostelia. On food depletion, Dictyostelium discoideum amoebas collect into aggregates,(More)
Aggregative multicellularity, resulting in formation of a spore-bearing fruiting body, evolved at least six times independently amongst both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Amongst eukaryotes, this form of multicellularity is mainly studied in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. In this review, we summarise trends in the evolution of cell-type(More)