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A rapid method for characterization and online detection of surfactin isomers was developed based on HPLC-MS(n) (n = 1, 2, 3) analyses, and many surfactin isomers were detected and characterized from the bioactive fraction of the mangrove bacterium Bacillus sp. Inhibitory activities of surfactin isomers on the overproduction of nitric oxide and the release(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the subtype characterization of HIV-1 among IDUs in northern Myanmar. DESIGN A molecular epidemiological investigation was conducted among IDUs in Laza and Maizayang cities of northern Myanmar. METHODS A total of 83 HIV-1-positive serums were collected from consenting IDUs during June to August 2009. HIV-1 p17, pol, vif-env,(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of HIV, HCV, HBV and co-infection with 2 or 3 viruses and evaluate risk factors among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Yunnan province, China. METHODS 2080 IDUs were recruited from 5 regions of Yunnan Province, China to detect the infection status of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Statistical(More)
BACKGROUND Co-infection with HIV and HCV and/or HBV is highly prevalent in intravenous drug users (IDUs). Because of the proximity to the "Golden Triangle", HIV prevalence among the IDUs is very high in the China-Myanmar border region. However, there are few studies about co-infection with HIV and HCV and/or HBV, especially in the region that belongs to(More)
Epimedium flavonoids inhibit extravascular lipid deposition during prevention of steroid-associated osteonecrosis. Desmethylicaritin is a bioactive metabolite of Epimedium flavonoids in serum. As it is well known that estrogen inhibits aidpogenesis, so we hypothesized that desmethylicaritin as a phytoestrogen might have the potential to inhibit lipid(More)
Ten triterpenoid glycosides, yemuoside YM(26-35) (1-9 and 12), were isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine known as "Ye Mu Gua" (Stauntonia chinensis DC.) along with two known ones, kalopanax saponin C (10) and sieboldianoside A (11). Their structures, as elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods, were either penta-saccharidic or(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the clinical usefulness of the LS-chirp auditory brainstem response for estimation of behavioral thresholds in young children with mild to severe hearing losses. METHODS 68 infants (136 ears) aged 6-12 months (mean age=9.2 months) with bilateral mild to severe hearing losses were studied at Children's Hospital of Fudan(More)
The traditional Chinese medicine fufang preparation "Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao" capsule (XLGB), which is composed of six herbal medicines, is popularly used for the treatment of osteoporosis. A reliable and effective method using LC-linear ion trap (LTQ)/Orbitrap mass spectrometry for rapid screening and identification of chemical constituents in "Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao"(More)
Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine prescription (TCMP), is widely used for the treatment of osteoporosis. However, due to lack of metabolism research, the effective material of XLGB is still unknown. It entails a huge obstacle for the clinical-safe medication administration and quality control of XLGB. To explore the(More)
The Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine prescription (TCMP), which has proven effective in osteoporosis treatment. However, due to the lack of a dynamic XLGB profile, the in vivo pharmacokinetics of multiple bioactive components within this medicine remains unknown. In the present study, ultra-performance liquid(More)