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Amorphous atorvastatin calcium (AC) ultrafine powder has been successfully prepared by antisolvent precipitation and spray drying process, in which hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) was employed to control the particle size and morphology. The effects of experimental parameters, such as stirring time, drug concentration and drying methods, on particle(More)
Prednisolone (PDL) microcrystals were successfully prepared by a controlled microprecipitation method. The characterization of PDL microcrystals by SEM and PSD indicated that the hexagonal and tetragonal PDL microcrystals with an average particle size of 1.60 and 1.46 microm could be prepared under a stirring speed of 10,000 rpm at 14 and 4 degrees C,(More)
Amorphous nanoparticles of cefuroxime axetil (CFA), a poorly water-soluble drug, were produced by the controlled nanoprecipitation method without any surfactants at room temperature. The influence of the operation parameters, such as the types of solvent and anti-solvent, the stirring speed, the solvent/anti-solvent (S/AS) volume ratio, the drug(More)
Ultrafine gemfibrozil (GEM) was prepared by reactive precipitation process in which methyl cellulose (MC) was employed to inhibit the growth and the agglomeration of particles. The impact of NaOH concentrations on bulk GEM consumption was explored. The effects of H2SO4 concentrations and the drying methods on the particle size and morphology were also(More)
An innovative strategy of fabricating uniform spore like drug particles to improve pulmonary drug delivery efficiency was disclosed in the present study. Spore like particles were prepared through combination of high gravity controlled precipitation and spray drying process with insulin as model drug first, showing rough surface and hollow core. The shell(More)
The solidification process from emulsion, which consisted of emulsifier, water and molten drug as oil phase without use of any organic solvent, was firstly employed to prepare ultrafine fenofibrate (FF) powder. The effects of stirring speed and volume ratios of hot emulsion to cold water on the particle size and morphology were discussed as well as the(More)
The molecular mechanisms that underlie sex determination and differentiation are conserved and diversified. In fish species, temperature-dependent sex determination and differentiation seem to be ubiquitous and molecular players involved in these mechanisms may be conserved. Although how the ambient temperature transduces signals to the undifferentiated(More)
Micronized silybin particles were successfully prepared by emulsion solvent diffusion method. Uniform spherical and rod-shaped particles with a mean size of 2.48 and 0.89 microm could be obtained using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) concentration of 0.1 wt% at 30 and 15 degrees C, respectively. The characterization of silybin particles by SEM and particle(More)
This paper investigates the impact of wavelength/waveband convertors in hierarchical optical path networks. It shows that even if their costs are relatively high, hierarchical optical path networks can be cost effective over a wide traffic demand area. 1. Introduction The continual increase in Internet traffic volume is driving the introduction of optical(More)