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Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) proteins are Ca(2+)-regulated transcription factors that control gene expression in many cell types. NFAT proteins are heavily phosphorylated and reside in the cytoplasm of resting cells; when cells are stimulated by a rise in intracellular Ca(2+), NFAT proteins are dephosphorylated by the(More)
IQGAP1 binds several proteins including actin, calmodulin, E-cadherin, beta-catenin, Cdc42, Rac1, and CLIP-170. The interaction with these targets enables IQGAP1 to participate in many cellular functions varying from regulation of the cytoskeleton to gene transcription. Here we show that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 2 binds to IQGAP1. In(More)
IQGAP1 modulates many cellular functions such as cell-cell adhesion, transcription, cytoskeletal architecture, and selected signaling pathways. We previously documented that IQGAP1 binds extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 2 and regulates growth factor-stimulated ERK activity. Here we show that MEK, the molecule immediately upstream of ERK in the(More)
Relapse is a major challenge in the successful treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Despite intensive research efforts, the mechanisms of ALL relapse are still not fully understood. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying treatment outcome, therapy response and the biology of relapse is required. In this study, we(More)
The dynamic processes of cell migration and invasion are largely coordinated by Rho family GTPases. The scaffolding protein IQGAP1 binds to Cdc42, increasing the amount of active Cdc42 both in vitro and in cells. Here we show that overexpression of IQGAP1 in mammalian cells enhances cell migration in a Cdc42- and Rac1-dependent manner. Importantly, cell(More)
The Ras-GAP related protein IQGAP1 binds several proteins, including actin, calmodulin, E-cadherin and the Rho family GTPase Cdc42. To gain insight into its in vivo function, IQGAP1 was overexpressed in mammalian cells. Transfection of IQGAP1 significantly increased the levels of active, GTP-bound Cdc42, resulting in the formation of peripheral actin(More)
Pg is a homologue of beta-catenin and Armadillo, the product of the Drosophila segment polarity gene and has been shown to have both adhesive and signaling functions. It interacts with both classic and desmosomal cadherins. Pg interaction with the desmosomal cadherins is essential for desmosome assembly. Its precise role in the classic cadherin complexes is(More)
IQGAP1 modulates several cellular functions, including cell-cell adhesion, transcription, cytoskeletal architecture, and selected signaling pathways. We previously documented that IQGAP1 binds ERK and MAPK kinase (MEK) and regulates EGF-stimulated MEK and ERK activity. Here we characterize the interaction between IQGAP1 and B-Raf, the molecule immediately(More)
Host-adapted strains of Salmonella enterica cause systemic infections and have the ability to persist systemically for long periods of time despite the presence of a robust immune response. Chronically infected hosts are asymptomatic and transmit disease to naïve hosts via fecal shedding of bacteria, thereby serving as a critical reservoir for disease. We(More)
Rice blast caused by Magnaporthe oryzae is one of the most destructive diseases of rice worldwide. The fungal pathogen is notorious for its ability to overcome host resistance. To better understand its genetic variation in nature, we sequenced the genomes of two field isolates, Y34 and P131. In comparison with the previously sequenced laboratory strain(More)