Zhi-Yang Lai

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We employed 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH)- and 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO)-electron spin resonance (ESR) to study the effects of suppression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by eight selected coumarin derivatives under oxidative conditions. Esculetin was the most potent radical scavenger among the eight tested compounds. Our(More)
The topoisomerase I (TopI) reaction intermediate consists of an enzyme covalently linked to a nicked DNA molecule, known as a TopI-DNA complex, that can be trapped by inhibitors and results in failure of re-ligation. Attempts at new derivative designs for TopI inhibition are enthusiastically being pursued, and TopI inhibitors were developed for a variety of(More)
Caffeic acid is a xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor that binds to the molybdopterin region of its active site. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has higher hydrophobicity and exhibits stronger inhibition potency toward XO. Chlorogenic acid is a quinyl ester of caffeic acid that has increased hydrophilicity and also shows stronger XO inhibitory activity(More)
Two new iridoid glucosides of 10-O-caffeoyl scandoside methyl ester (3), and 6-methoxy scandoside methyl ester (4) besides the known compounds of scandoside methyl ester (1), methyl deacetyl asperulosidate (2), 10-O-caffeoyl daphylloside (5), phytol (6), and ursolic acid (7) were isolated from the leaves of Wendlandia formosana. Structure elucidation of the(More)
To clarify whether fosinopril monotherapy can improve left ventricular diastolic function (LVDF) in young mildly hypertensives without hypertrophy, we studied 66 patients (pts) with diastolic blood pressure 90–100 mmHg, aged <45 years, with normal 2-dimensional echocardiography (2-D echo), and impaired DF. Impaired DF was defined as a Doppler transmitral(More)
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