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Overexpression of metadherin (MTDH) has been documented in many solid tumors and is implicated in metastasis and chemoresistance. MTDH has been detected at the plasma membrane as well as in the cytoplasm and nucleus, and the function of MTDH in these locales remains under investigation. In the nucleus, MTDH acts as a transcription co-factor to induce(More)
Inflammatory responses are increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Interleukin-33 (IL-33), a member of IL-1 family, is constitutively expressed in the central nervous system and thought to be an important mediator of glial cell response to neuropathological lesions. Proinflammatory(More)
CRISPR-Cas9 systems are bacterial adaptive immune systems that defend against infection by phages. Through the RNA-guided endonuclease activity of Cas9 they degrade double-stranded DNA with a protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) and sequences complementary to the guide RNA. Recently, two anti-CRISPR proteins (AcrIIA2 and AcrIIA4 from Listeria monocytogenes(More)
Endophytic actinobacteria colonize internal tissues of their host plants and are considered as a rich and reliable source of diverse species and functional microorganisms. In this study, endophytic actinobacterial strain YIM 63111 was isolated from surface-sterilized tissue of the medicinal plant Artemisia annua. We identified strain YIM 63111 as a member(More)
The genomic structures of Oryza sativa (A genome) and O. meyeriana (G genome) were comparatively studied using bicolor genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). GISH was clearly able to discriminate between the chromosomes of O. sativa and O. meyeriana in the interspecific F1 hybrids without blocking DNA, and co-hybridization was hardly detected. The average(More)
Understanding the molecular underpinnings of chemoresistance is vital to design therapies to restore chemosensitivity. In particular, metadherin (MTDH) has been demonstrated to have a critical role in chemoresistance. Over-expression of MTDH correlates with poor clinical outcome in breast cancer, neuroblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma and prostate cancer.(More)
A highly potent secondary metabolite producing endophytic strain, Streptomyces sp. HUST012 was isolated from the stems of the medicinal plant Dracaena cochinchinensis Lour. Strain HUST012 showed antimicrobial and antitumor activities which were significantly much higher than those of dragon's blood extracted from D. cochinchinensis Lour. On further(More)
Spermatogenesis is a continuous process, relying on the proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonia. The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is a central regulator of cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation, yet its roles in the regulation of spermatogonial development and differentiation remain unclear. Here, we found that(More)
Nodule samples were collected from four alder species:Alnus nepalensis, A. sibirica, A. tinctoria andA. mandshurica growing in different environments on Gaoligong Mountains, Yunnan Province of Southwest China and on Changbai Mountains, Jilin Province of Northeast China. PCR-RFLP analysis of the IGS betweennifD andnifK genes was directly applied to(More)
Phytochemical examination of the methanolic extract from the stem bark of Daphne aurantiaca led to the isolation of six new sesquiterpenoids, dauca-3,11-dien-2alpha,15-diol (1), 3-oxoguai-4-ene-11,12-diol (2), 4alpha,5alpha,8alpha,11alphaH-3-oxoguai-1(10)-en-12,8-olide-7alpha-diol (3), 4alpha,5alpha,8alpha,11betaH-3-oxoguai-1(10)-en-12,8-olide-7beta-diol(More)