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Patients with bone cancer commonly experience bone pain that is severe, intolerable, and difficult to manage. The rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) plays an important role in the development of chronic pain via descending facilitation of spinal nociception. The compelling evidence shows that glial P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is involved in the induction and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that Homer 1b/c, a postsynaptic molecular scaffolding protein that binds and clusters metabotropic glutamate receptors at neuronal synapses, has an important role in the metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling process. In the current study, we investigated the possible involvement of Homer 1b/c in secondary(More)
Electrophysiological properties, reaction to substance P (SP) receptor agonist, and co-existence of glutamate (Glu) and SP in neurons of the spinal dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of the rat were investigated in vitro. The main results were: (1) According to the fiber conduction velocity, totally 135 intracellularly recorded DRG neurons were divided into A(More)
Previous studies have shown that spinal Homer 1b/c plays an important role in the maintenance of chronic inflammatory pain induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). This study investigated the possible mechanism underlying Homer 1b/c mediating CFA-induced inflammatory pain. Chronic inflammation was induced by CFA injection into the left hind ankle of the(More)
PURPOSE Selection of an appropriate animal model is crucial for the investigation of the pathogenesis of Acanthamoeba keratitis. To this end, it has been reported that fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled Acanthamoeba castellanii bind to human, pig, and hamster corneas, but not to rabbit corneas in organ culture. However, 35S-labeled A. polyphaga and(More)
Recent pharmacological evidence showed that metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), particularly mGluRs1/5, had a potential role in spinal nociceptive processing. However, previous morphological studies on mGluRs have been limited mainly to their distribution in the spinal cord. In the present study, electron microscopic immunocytochemistry was employed(More)
Our previous studies revealed that interleukin-2 (IL-2) exerted peripheral antinociception that was partially mediated by mu opioid receptors. No ionic explanations of this effect have yet been reported. The present study was designed to investigate effects of IL-2 on the physiological properties of capsaicin-sensitive small dorsal root ganglion (DRG)(More)
Formalin applied to a hindpaw of the rat resulted in c-fos expression in the spinal dorsal horn neurons on the ipsilateral side of stimulation. The role of neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor in this response was examined using a selective NK-1 antagonist L-668169. L-668169 administered intrathecally (1 microg/10 microl, 10 microg/10 microl) 15 min before(More)
In our previous study, perineural application of capsaicin not only produced release and depletion of substance P from primary nociceptive afferent terminals, but also reduced GABA immunoreactivity in the superficial dorsal horn. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the release of GABA is triggered by substance P released from primary(More)
The effect of alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (Yoh) on locus coeruleus (LC)-induced spinal antinociception was investigated in 18 anesthetized Wistar rats. Stimulation of LC markedly inhibited both nociceptive reflex of the posterior biceps semitendinosus (PBST) muscle and C responses of 16 wide-dynamic range (WDR) neurons of the dorsal horn.(More)