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—The emerging high efficiency video coding standard (HEVC) adopts the quadtree-structured coding unit (CU). Each CU allows recur-sive splitting into four equal sub-CUs. At each depth level (CU size), the test model of HEVC (HM) performs motion estimation (ME) with different sizes including , , , and. ME process in HM is performed using all the possible(More)
In this paper, a probabilistic fuzzy logic system (PFLS) is proposed for the modeling and control problems. Similar to the ordinary fuzzy logic system (FLS), the PFLS consists of the fuzzification, inference engine and defuzzification operation to process the fuzzy information. Different to the FLS, it uses the probabilistic modeling method to improve the(More)
BACKGROUND Phytocyanins (PCs) are plant-specific blue copper proteins involved in electron transport, and a large number of known PCs are considered to be chimeric arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs). To date there has not been a genome-wide overview of the OsPC gene family. Therefore, as the first step and a useful strategy to elucidate the functions of OsPCs,(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t Finger vein is a promising biometric pattern for personal(More)
We propose a new adaptive model update mechanism for the real-time mean shift blob tracking. Since the Kalman filter has been used mainly for smoothing the object trajectory in the tracking system, it is novel for us to use adaptive Kalman filters for filtering object kernel histogram so as to obtain the optimal estimate of object model. The acceptance of(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a life-threatening autoimmune blistering skin disease characterized by detachment of keratinocytes (acantholysis). It has been proposed that PV IgG might trigger signaling and that this process may lead to acantholysis. Indeed, we recently identified a rapid and dose-dependent phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein(More)
We define a statistical angular resolution limit (ARL) on resolving two closely spaced point sources in a 3-D reference frame, using constraints on the probabilities of false alarm and detection for a hypothesis test. The ARL can be used as a performance measure for sensor arrays in localizing remote sources and is applicable to different measurement models(More)
Software bugs are inevitable in software-defined networking control software, and troubleshooting is a tedious, time-consuming task. In this paper we discuss how to improve control software troubleshooting by presenting a technique for automatically identifying a minimal sequence of inputs responsible for triggering a given bug, without making assumptions(More)