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In a typical mobile ad hoc network, mobile computing devices wander autonomously and communicate via temporary links in a self-organized computing system without any central administrator or infrastructure support. To support truly ad hoc impromptu communication among such uncoordinated devices, a data multipath routing algorithm can be used because there(More)
Efficient routing has always been a matter of concern for mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs). While reactive protocols are competing with the performance of proactive protocols, hybrid protocols have attempted to brew the best of the both. This paper reviews some of the selected literature regarding MANET routing protocols and studies the comparative(More)
TCP (transmission control protocol) will for sure continue to be the major transport protocol in wireless environments, due to its large install-base in existing applications. Indeed, in future ad hoc wireless networks where devices communicate among each other over multihop routes, TCP is expected to be the prominent protocol for data exchange (e.g.,(More)
The Cyto-3D-print is an adapter that adds cytospin capability to a standard centrifuge. Like standard cytospinning, Cyto-3D-print increases the surface attachment of mitotic cells while giving a higher degree of adaptability to other slide chambers than available commercial devices. The use of Cyto-3D-print is cost effective, safe, and applicable to many(More)
The TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) is a critical component in an ad hoc wireless network because of its pervasive usage in various important applications. However, TCP's congestion control mechanism is notoriously ineffective in dealing with time-varying channel errors even for a single wireless link. Indeed, the adverse effects of the inefficient(More)
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