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PURPOSE In this study, we measured the serum interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to evaluate its correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of IL-8, vascular endothelial growth factor, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor in(More)
BACKGROUND Neurological soft signs (NSS) are associated with schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders. NSS have been conventionally considered as clinical neurological signs without localized brain regions. However, recent brain imaging studies suggest that NSS are partly localizable and may be associated with deficits in specific brain areas. METHOD(More)
Host immune peptides, including cathelicidins, have been reported to possess anticancer properties. We previously reported that LL-37, the only cathelicidin in humans, suppresses the development of colon cancer. In this study, the potential anticancer effect of FK-16, a fragment of LL-37 corresponding to residues 17 to 32, on cultured colon cancer cells was(More)
Psychological stress experienced in early life plays an important role in the development of visceral hyperalgesia in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Neonatal maternal separation has been shown to trigger a long-term alternation in stress-induced responses to visceral nociceptive stimuli in rats. The aim of the present study was to show a direct evidence of(More)
The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is associated with a lower risk for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, in which overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is frequently reported. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), a COX-2-derived eicosanoid, is implicated in the promotion of cancer growth. However, the precise role of PGE(2) in the disease(More)
Anhedonia is associated with reward-processing deficits of the dopamine system, which may increase the risk of depression. Nevertheless, few previous studies have examined the influence of hedonic tone on event-related potential (ERP) measures of reward processing in major depressive disorder. A simple gambling task was used to elicit feedback negativity(More)
Tumor vasculature expresses a distinct set of molecule signatures on the endothelial cell surface different from the resting blood vessels of other organs and tissues in the body. This makes them an attractive target for cancer therapy and molecular imaging. The current technology using the in vivo phage display biopanning allows us to quickly isolate and(More)
UNLABELLED Paeoniflorin (PF), a chief active ingredient in the root of Paeonia lactiflora Pall (family Ranunculaceae), is effective in relieving colorectal distention (CRD)-induced visceral pain in rats with visceral hyperalgesia induced by neonatal maternal separation (NMS). This study aimed at exploring the underlying mechanisms of PF's analgesic effect(More)
UNLABELLED Paeoniflorin (PF) is one of the principle active ingredients of the root of Paeonia lactiflora Pall (family Ranunculaceae), a Chinese herb traditionally used to relieve pain, especially visceral pain. The present study aimed to investigate both the effect of PF on neonatal maternal separation-induced visceral hyperalgesia in rats and the(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical presentation of common symptoms during depressive episodes in bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) poses challenges for accurate diagnosis. Disorder-specific neuroanatomical features may aid the development of reliable discrimination between these two clinical conditions. METHODS For our sample of 16 BD(More)