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Combination use of methotrexate (MTX) and leflunomide (LEF) has been proved effective in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, previous trials have documented that both are associated with increased incidence of liver toxicity. As active compounds extracted from the roots of the traditional Chinese herb Paeonia lactiflora Pall, total(More)
BACKGROUND Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common acute abdomen with high mortality, multiple complications and complicated causes. There is no effective therapy for AP. Radix salviae miltiorrhizae (Danshen), a traditional herbal medicine, has a low price and a wide range of clinical applications. It is effective to promote blood flow, eliminate stagnancy, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To screen differentially expressed genes of liver tissue in rat sepsis model and analyze them in terms of functions. METHODS Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into model group and blank control group with 15 rats in each group. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used to reproduce rat sepsis model, gene expression profile(More)
OBJECTIVE There is a remarkable lack of scientific evidence to support the option to use alpha-stat or pH-stat management, as to which is more beneficial to brain protection during deep hypothermic CPB. This study examined cortical blood flow (CBF), cerebral oxygenation, and brain oxygen consumption in relation to deep hypothermic CPB with alpha-stat or(More)
Nature has created [FeFe]-hydrogenase enzyme as a hydrogen-forming catalyst with a high turnover rate. However, it does not meet the demands of economically usable catalytic agents because of its limited stability and the cost of its production and purification. Synthetic chemistry has allowed the preparation of remarkably close mimics of [FeFe]-hydrogenase(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory mediators are not only initiation factors of acute pancreatitis (AP) but also key factors causing pancreatic hemorrhage and necrosis, which damage important organs such as the heart, brain, liver, kidney and lung. Microcirculatory disturbance in AP has attracted widespread attention. In order to provide a theoretical basis for(More)
Garden type I fractures include incomplete fractures and impacted fractures. With advances in scientific technology and medical treatment, certain deficiencies of the Garden classification have become apparent. The authors hypothesized that the incidence of incomplete femoral neck fractures was low and that impacted femoral neck fractures were not(More)
The present meta-analysis aimed at assessing the effectiveness and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss and transfusion in spinal surgery. Systematic searches of all studies published through March 2012 were identified from PubMed, EMBase, Cochrane library, Science Direct, and other databases. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were(More)