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Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is a scaling analysis method used to quantify long-range power-law correlations in signals. Many physical and biological signals are "noisy," heterogeneous, and exhibit different types of nonstationarities, which can affect the correlation properties of these signals. We systematically study the effects of three types of(More)
The NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, an integral membrane proteoglycan, inhibits axon growth from cerebellar granule neurons and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons in vitro. The extracellular domain of the NG2 core protein contains three subdomains: an N-terminal globular domain (domain 1), a central extended domain that has the sites for(More)
The glial scar that forms at the site of injury is thought to be a biochemical and physical barrier to successful regeneration, although the molecules responsible for this barrier function are not well understood. Glia scars contain large numbers of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) and these cells can produce several different growth-inhibitory(More)
When investigating the dynamical properties of complex multiple-component physical and physiological systems, it is often the case that the measurable system's output does not directly represent the quantity we want to probe in order to understand the underlying mechanisms. Instead, the output signal is often a linear or nonlinear function of the quantity(More)
Disruption of ionic homeostasis and neuronal hyperexcitability contribute to early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The hyperpolarization-activated/cyclic nucleotide (HCN)-gated channels play critical role in the regulation of neuronal excitability in hippocampus CA1 region and neocortex, in which the abnormal neuronal activities are more(More)
MOTIVATION Gene expression profiling using RNA-seq is a powerful technique for screening RNA species' landscapes and their dynamics in an unbiased way. While several advanced methods exist for differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data, proper tools to anal.yze RNA-seq time-course have not been proposed. RESULTS In this study, we use RNA-seq to(More)
Late diagnosis of hepatocarcinoma (HCC) is one of the most primary factors for the poor survival of patients. Thereby, identification of sensitive and specific biomarkers for HCC early diagnosis is of great importance in biological medicine to date. In the present study, serum metabolites of the HCC patients and healthy controls were investigated using the(More)
Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) have long been considered as extracellular proton (H(+))-gated cation channels, and peripheral ASIC3 channels seem to be a natural sensor of acidic pain. Here, we report the identification of a nonproton sensor on ASIC3. We show first that 2-guanidine-4-methylquinazoline (GMQ) causes persistent ASIC3 channel activation at(More)
Acute post-traumatic ventricular dilation and hydrocephalus are relatively frequent consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Several recent studies have indicated that high iron levels in brain may relate to hydrocephalus development after intracranial hemorrhage. However, the role of iron in the development of post-traumatic hydrocephalus is still(More)
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) are a newly recognized glial component of the adult central nervous system of unknown function. Antibodies against the NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan have been useful tools to identify these cells in intact tissue. Here we review studies that show that OPCs react to several types of experimentally induced brain(More)