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In this study the friction, wear and surface mechanical behavior of medical-grade ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) (GUR 1050 resin) were evaluated as a function of polymer crystallinity. Crystallinity was controlled by heating UHMWPE to a temperature above its melting point and varying the hold time and cooling rates. The degree of(More)
Nacre is a natural nanocomposite material with superior mechanical strength and toughness. What roles do the nanoscale structures play in the inelasticity and toughening of nacre? Can we learn from this to produce nacre-like nanocomposites? Here we report in situ dynamic atomic force microscope observations of nacre with aragonite nanograins (nanoparticles)(More)
We report the observation of remarkable electrical self-healing in mechanically damaged ZnO nanobelts. Nanoindentation into intrinsically defect-free ZnO nanobelts induces deformation and crack damage, causing a dramatic electrical signal decrease. Two self-healing regimes in the nanoindented ZnO nanobelts are revealed. The physical mechanism for the(More)
Single crystalline Ca(2)B(2)O(5).H(2)O (CBOH) nanobelts were synthesized for the first time using a facile catalyst-free hydrothermal method at low temperature. After being annealed at 400 degrees C for 10 h, the CBOH nanobelts transformed into curve-shaped Ca(2)B(2)O(5)(CBO) nanogrooves with ordered stacking fault arrays along the [110] direction. The(More)
Seashells are natural body armors with superior mechanical strength and ultra-high toughness compared with their major constituent counterparts. What building blocks and architecture render seashells such mechanical prowess? In this study, micro/nanoscale structural and mechanical characterization of conch shells (Busycon carica) has been carried out. Here(More)
A method combining hydrogen passivation and ultrasonication was developed for the first time to disperse multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in ethanol solution and epoxy resin. Excellent dispersion of MWCNTs was achieved in both media. Three-point bending tests of the MWCNT/epoxy nanocomposites revealed a remarkable increase in elastic modulus with(More)
It is practically important that high concentrations of organic pollutants in landfill leachate were degraded by a rapid and efficient approach. The influence of operating conditions such as schwertmannite dosage, V(H2O2)/m (schwertmannite) ratio on the degradation efficiency of color, TOC and COD contents of landfill leachate, was investigated by using the(More)
Biosynthesized schwertmannite was used as catalyst in photo-Fenton-like reaction to facilitate the degradation of methyl orange (MO). Schwertmannite was synthesized through the oxidation of FeSO4 by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans LX5 cell suspension at an initial pH 2.5 and 28 degress C for 3 days and characterized using X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a determination method of astragulin in Thesium chinese. METHOD RP-HPLC analytical method was established using a Polaris C18 column and acetonitrile-water (23:77) as the mobile phase, with a flow rate of 10 mL x min(-1), detected at 346 nm. The method of sample is refluxing exation by 50% alcohol for 2 times. RESULT The content(More)
Ion implantation has been widely used to improve the mechanical and tribological properties of single crystalline silicon, an essential material for the semiconductor industry. In this study, the effects of four different ion implantations, Ar, C, N, and Ne ions, on the mechanical and tribological properties of single crystal Si were investigated at both(More)