Zhi-Hua Chen

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BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by abnormal cellular responses to cigarette smoke, resulting in tissue destruction and airflow limitation. Autophagy is a degradative process involving lysosomal turnover of cellular components, though its role in human diseases remains unclear. METHODOLOGY(More)
Cigarette smoke-induced cell death contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, though the relative roles of apoptosis and autophagy remain unclear. The inducible stress protein heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) confers cytoprotection against oxidative stress. We examined the relationships between these processes in human bronchial(More)
4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is one of the major end products of lipid peroxidation. It has been widely accepted that 4-HNE can induce oxidative stress, implicating into extensive stress-related diseases. In the present study, however, 4-HNE was found to exert adaptive cytoprotective effect at low concentrations, which was primarily through induction of(More)
Increasing evidence suggests an adaptive response induced by reactive oxygen species and other physiologically existing oxidative stimuli. We have recently reported that a variety of lipid peroxidation products at sublethal concentrations could induce adaptive response and enhance PC12 cell tolerance, although the detailed underlying molecular mechanisms(More)
The antioxidant effect of resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) and its analogues, that is, 4-hydroxy-trans-stilbene (4-HS), 3,5-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,5-DHS), 4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (4,4'-DHS), 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,4-DHS), 3,4,5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,4,5-THS) and 3,4,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,4,4'-THS), against(More)
RATIONALE Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disease with unclear etiology. The significance of autophagy in PH remains unknown. OBJECTIVES To determine the mechanisms by which autophagic proteins regulate tissue responses during PH. METHODS Lungs from patients with PH, lungs from mice exposed to chronic hypoxia, and human pulmonary vascular(More)
Catechol estrogens, the hydroxylated metabolites of 17beta-estradiol (E2), have been considered to be implicated in estrogen-induced carcinogenesis. 4-Hydroxyestradiol (4-OHE2), an oxidized metabolite of E2 formed preferentially by cytochrome P450 1B1, reacts with DNA to form depurinating adducts thereby exerting genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. 4-OHE2(More)
PURPOSE To assess the role of vitamin E (VE) in age-related changes in the retinal tissues by using a mouse model of severe VE deficiency. METHODS Pups of alpha-tocopherol transfer protein null (a-TTP(-)(/)(-)) mice were fed a VE-deficient diet for 4 or 18 months (VE (-) group). Wild-type C57BL/6 mice were fed a 0.002% alpha-tocopherol-supplemented diet(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Nuclear erythroid 2 p45-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is known to play important roles in airway disorders, whereas little has been investigated about its direct role in airway mucus hypersecretion. The aim of this study is to determine whether this factor could protect pulmonary epithelium and mouse airway from cigarette-induced mucus(More)
The adaptive responses to H2O2 and the resulting protective effect against oxidative stress have been investigated using PC12 cells. Pretreatment of sublethal doses of H2O2 significantly protected PC12 cells against the cytotoxicity induced by lethal H2O2. The endogenous antioxidant defense systems, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, were enhanced quickly(More)