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Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway aberrations are common in cancer. By applying mass spectroscopy-based sequencing and reverse-phase protein arrays to 547 human breast cancers and 41 cell lines, we determined the subtype specificity and signaling effects of PIK3CA, AKT, and PTEN mutations and the effects of PIK3CA mutations on responsiveness(More)
Breast cancers are comprised of molecularly distinct subtypes that may respond differently to pathway-targeted therapies now under development. Collections of breast cancer cell lines mirror many of the molecular subtypes and pathways found in tumors, suggesting that treatment of cell lines with candidate therapeutic compounds can guide identification of(More)
Specific inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK) have been developed that efficiently inhibit the oncogenic RAF-MEK-ERK pathway. We used a systems-based approach to identify breast cancer subtypes particularly susceptible to MEK inhibitors and to understand molecular mechanisms conferring(More)
Protein isoforms produced by alternative splicing (AS) of many genes have been implicated in several aspects of cancer genesis and progression. These observations motivated a genome-wide assessment of AS in breast cancer. We accomplished this by measuring exon level expression in 31 breast cancer and nonmalignant immortalized cell lines representing(More)
HJURP (Holliday Junction Recognition Protein) is a newly discovered gene reported to function at centromeres and to interact with CENPA. However its role in tumor development remains largely unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of HJURP in breast cancer and its correlation with radiotherapeutic outcome. We measured(More)
  • Z B Hu
  • 1989
The internal and surface ultrastructure and cytochemistry (MPO, AP) of the histiocytes from 16 patients were studied. The results showed that poorly differentiated histiocyte was irregular in cell contour with various projections. All had more or less neoplastic histiocytes in which numerous vacuoles and blisters along peripheral plasma membrane were seen.(More)
Cancer is a heterogeneous disease resulting from the accumulation of genetic defects that negatively impact control of cell division, motility, adhesion and apoptosis. Deregulation in signaling along the EgfR-MAPK pathway is common in breast cancer, though the manner in which deregulation occurs varies between both individuals and cancer subtypes. We were(More)
Since sulphated polysaccharides have antiviral activity in vitro, we examined the structure and antiretroviral activity of native sulphated galactans extracted from the red algae, Grateloupia filicina (GFP) and Grateloupia longifolia (GLP). The sulphate contents of GFP and GLPE (the 1,4-alpha-d-glucan-glucanohydrolase digest of GLP) were 25.7 and 18.5%,(More)
BACKGROUND Testing for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) in breast cancer is performed by either immunohistochemistry (IHC) or in situ hybridization (ISH). The growth factor receptor-bound protein-7 (GRB7) gene is in close proximity to HER-2 on chromosome 17q11-12 and codes a signal transduction molecule shown to be an independent adverse(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Previous studies showed that JNK signaling pathway activated by LMP1 plays an important role in carcinogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). JNK interacting protein (JIP) can inhibit JNK signaling pathway in NPC cell. This study was designed to elucidate the effect of JIP on the proliferation and apoptosis of NPC cells. METHODS(More)