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Primexine deposition and plasma membrane undulation are the initial steps of pollen wall formation. However, little is known about the genes involved in this important biological process. Here, we report a novel gene, NO PRIMEXINE AND PLASMA MEMBRANE UNDULATION (NPU), which functions in the early stage of pollen wall development in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis(More)
Scutellarin (1) has been used for the treatment of angina pectoris, cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease with a large market share in China. Pharmacokinetic studies on scutellarin showed that scutellarin (1) is readily converted into its metabolites in vivo. In this paper, a new and practical synthetic method for the synthesis of(More)
O-Alkylated quercetin analogs were synthesized and their anticancer activities were assessed by a high-throughout screening (HTS) method. The structure-activity relationships (SAR) showed that introduction of long alkyl chain such as propyl group at the C-3 OH position or short alkyl chain such as ethyl group at the C-4' OH position were very important for(More)
Using a high-throughout screening approach, the anticancer activities of 16 O-methylated (OMe) analogs of quercetin were assessed. The structure-activity relationships showed that OMe moieties at the 4' and/or 7 positions were important for maintaining inhibitory activities against the 16 cancer cell lines. Furthermore, when the OH groups at the 3' and 4'(More)
INTRODUCTION The MMPs are involved in tissue remodeling. An imbalance between the inhibition and activation of MMPs results in excessive degradation of the extracellular matrix, which leads to some diseases including cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, heart disease and neurodegenerative diseases such as stroke. In this review, recent advances in(More)
Two series of 8-aminomethylated derivatives were prepared by Mannich reaction of scutellarein (2) with appropriate aliphatic amines, alicyclic amines and formaldehyde. All the compounds were tested for their thrombin inhibition activity through the analyzation of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT) and(More)
The binding abilities of scutellarin (Scu) and scutellarein (Scue) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated using equilibrium dialysis, high performance liquid chromatography, fluorescence spectroscopy, competitive site marker and molecular docking. The results showed that the average protein binding ratios of Scu and Scue with BSA were (79.85 ±(More)
Callose synthesis is critical for the formation of the pollen wall pattern. CalS5 is thought to be the major synthethase for the callose wall. In the Arabidopsis anther, ARF17 regulates the expression of CalS5 and is the target of miR160. Plants expressing miR160-resistant ARF17 (35S:5mARF17 lines) with increased ARF17 mRNA levels display male sterility.(More)
In blood, quercetin is mainly found in metabolized forms. In order to study the activities of these quercetin metabolites in cardiovascular disease, 17 methylquercetin derivatives were synthesized based on metabolism in vivo, their thrombin inhibition activity were evaluated through the analyzation of prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin(More)