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It has been demonstrated that inhaled fine (d < 2.5 microm) and ultrafine (d < 100 nm) particles produce more severe toxicity than coarse particles. Some recent data support the concept that the central nervous system (CNS) may be a target for the inhaled fine particulates. This work describes initial observation of the transport of intranasally instilled(More)
We used an autoimmune serum from a patient with discoid lupus erythematosus to clone a cDNA of 2808 base pairs. Its open reading frame of 2079 base pairs encodes a predicted polypeptide of 693 amino acids named CDA1 (cell division autoantigen-1). CDA1 has a predicted molecular mass of 79,430 Daltons and a pI of 4.26. The size of the cDNA is consistent with(More)
Six rumen-fistulated dairy cows were used in 2 trials to validate the technique for the collection of ruminal fluid by an oral stomach tube (OST). Trial 1 was conducted to compare the differences of ruminal fermentation parameters among rumen sites (cranial dorsal, cranial ventral, central, ventral, caudal dorsal, and caudal ventral). The ruminal fluid was(More)
Selenium is an essential trace element in many living organisms. In the present paper, the subcellular distribution of selenium and Se-containing proteins in human liver samples, which were obtained from normal subjects who had an accidental death, was investigated by differential centrifugation and column chromatography. Selenium was mainly enriched in(More)
Selenium is an important and essential trace element to living systems. In the article, two methods of instrumental neutron activation analysis and hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry were applied to determine Se in biological samples and the accuracy was evaluated by several reference materials. The subcellular distribution of selenium in(More)
The relationships between the microstructural and physical properties of the whey protein isolate and gelatin (WPI/gelatin) composite films were investigated in the present work. Through the electrostatic effects at pH 8, WPI and gelatin molecules could form compact aggregates in solution, where a remarkable shrinkage of the gelatin molecules was observed,(More)
The ratio of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton G(E(p))/G(M(p)), which is an image of its charge and magnetization distributions, was measured at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using the recoil polarization technique. The ratio of the form factors is directly proportional to the ratio of the transverse to(More)
The serum and urine chromium concentrations of 57 diabetics and 55 normal fasting subjects were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Our results indicate that the chromium concentration ranges of serum and urine for diabetics are 0.22-0.36 and 4.54-5.90 microg/L, respectively, significantly lower than 0.66-0.84 7.80-9.68 microg/L for the(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae LZ-53 was selected from 240 primary yeast strains from different genera and species, whose chromium (Cr) resistance and biomass were higher than others were. The highest biomass and Cr content of the strain was obtained in 30 h at 28 degrees C and 200 rpm, when 20 ml of the culture in 250-ml shake flasks was grown in wort containing(More)
Cretinism is a disease characterized by neurological defects associated with severe iodine deficiency. In a rat model of severe iodine deficiency, we investigated the distribution pattern of trace elements (iodine [I], selenium [Se], and bromine [Br] in brain tissue samples; potassium [K], calcium [Ca], manganese [Mn], iron [Fe], copper [Cu], zinc [Zn],(More)