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We study the role of the diffusive interaction in plankton dynamics in a patchy environment. We use a minimal reaction-diffusion model of the nutrient-plankton-fish food chain to simulate the diffusive interaction between fish-populated and fish-free habitats. We show that such interaction can give rise to spatiotemporal plankton patterns. The plankton(More)
The spin-polarized plane-wave pseudopotential method, based on density-functional theory, has been used to calculate the electronic band structures and the optical absorption spectra of nitrogen-doped and oxygen-deficient anatase TiO2. The calculated results are in good agreement with our experimental measurements. These ab initio calculations reveal that(More)
Habitat destruction can be classified into instantaneous destruction and continuous destruction by the different ways of human destroying habitat. Previous studies, however, always focused on instantaneous destruction. In this study, we develop a universal model, Multi-time scale N-species model, to study and compare the responses of metapopulation dynamics(More)
Due to their small footprint and flexible siting, rechargeable batteries are attractive for energy storage systems. A super-valent battery based on aluminium ion intercalation and deintercalation is proposed in this work with VO2 as cathode and high-purity Al foil as anode. First-principles calculations are also employed to theoretically investigate the(More)
Two analogous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with the perovskite architecture, [C(NH2)3][Mn(HCOO)3] (1) and [(CH2)3NH2][Mn(HCOO)3] (2), exhibit significantly different mechanical properties. The marked difference is attributed to their distinct modes of hydrogen bonding between the A-site amine cation and the anionic framework. The stronger cross-linking(More)
Nonlinear optical (NLO) materials are of great importance in laser science and technology, as they can expand the wavelength range provided by common laser sources. Few NLO materials, except KBe2BO3F2 (KBBF), can practically generate deep-ultraviolet coherent light by direct second-harmonic generation process, limited by the fundamental requirements on the(More)
Hydrostatic pressure, as an alternative of chemical pressure to tune the crystal structure and physical properties, is a significant technique for novel function material design and fundamental research. In this article, we report the phase stability and visible light response of the organolead bromide perovskite, CH3NH3PbBr3 (MAPbBr3), under hydrostatic(More)
Conventionally, rechargeable batteries with a fast charge-discharge rate, while being able to be implemented in large-scale applications with low prices, are critical for new energy storage systems. In this work, first-principles simulations were employed to theoretically investigate the insertion of sodium into the Na(2)Ti(3)O(7) structure. The result(More)
A new beryllium-free borate Rb3Al3B3O10F has been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. It features a framework structure consisting of alveolate [Al3(BO3)3OF]∞ layers tightly bound via Al-O and Al-F bridged bonds, with the in-layer [BO3](3-) groups in nearly coplanar and aligned arrangement. This compound is transparent down to(More)