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The wax (glaucousness) on wheat leaves and stems is mainly controlled by two sets of genes: glaucousness loci (W1 and W2) and non-glaucousness loci (Iw1 and Iw2). The non-glaucousness (Iw) loci act as inhibitors of the glaucousness loci (W). High-resolution comparative genetic linkage maps of the wax inhibitors Iw1 originating from Triticum dicoccoides, and(More)
Rice blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae, is the most destructive disease of rice and causes tremendous losses of rice yield worldwide. To explore the molecular mechanisms involved in the rice-M. oryzae interaction, we conducted a time-course phosphoproteomic analysis of leaf samples from resistant and susceptible rice cultivars infected(More)
Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) can lead to secondary insults and severe neurological deficits. Transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) was suggested as an alternative to improve ICH-induced neurological dysfunction. The present study aimed at investigating the therapeutic role and long-term survival of foetal NSCs and potential role of foetal(More)
BACKGROUND Lonicera japonica Thunb. is a plant used in traditional Chinese medicine known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, and antiviral pharmacological properties. The major active secondary metabolites of this plant are chlorogenic acid (CGA) and luteoloside. While the biosynthetic pathways of these metabolites are relatively(More)
By applying comparative genomics analyses, a high-density genetic linkage map narrowed the powdery mildew resistance gene Pm41 originating from wild emmer in a sub-centimorgan genetic interval. Wheat powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, results in large yield losses worldwide. A high-density genetic linkage map of the powdery mildew(More)
INTRODUCTION Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are part of the same metabolic defect, both having insulin resistance as the main pathogenic mechanism and sharing similar outcomes (i.e., cardiovascular and liver-related mortality). The prevalence of NAFLD is expected to rise, owing to the increasing worldwide prevalence(More)
Powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, is one of the most important wheat diseases in the world. In this study, a single dominant powdery mildew resistance gene MlIW172 was identified in the IW172 wild emmer accession and mapped to the distal region of chromosome arm 7AL (bin7AL-16-0.86-0.90) via molecular marker analysis. MlIW172 was(More)
A powdery mildew resistance gene MlHLT derived from a Chinese wheat landrace maps within a 3.6 centimorgan (cM) genetic interval spanning a 13.4 megabase (Mb) physical genomic region on chromosome 1DS. Wheat powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) is a devastating disease that can cause severe yield losses. Chinese wheat landrace(More)
BACKGROUND Fusarium wilt is an economically devastating disease that affects banana production. Although Cavendish banana cultivars are resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense race 1 (FOC1) and maitain banana production after Gros Michel was destructed by race 1, a new race race 4 (FOC4) was found to infect Cavendish. RESULTS An exopolygalacturonase(More)
Oxide materials with resistance hysteresis are very promising for next generation memory devices. However, the microscopic dynamic process of the resistance change is still elusive. Here, we use in situ transmission electron microscopy method to study the role of oxygen vacancies for the resistance switching effect in cerium oxides. The structure change(More)