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This study aims at improving the effectiveness of failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) technique. FMEA is a widely used technique for identifying and eliminating known or potential failures from system, design, and process. However, in conventional FMEA, risk factors of Severity (S), Occurrence (O), and Detection difficulty (D) are simply multiplied to(More)
Flickering of fusion pores during exocytotic release of hormones and neurotransmitters is well documented, but without assays that use biochemically defined components and measure single-pore dynamics, the mechanisms remain poorly understood. We used total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to quantify fusion-pore dynamics in vitro and to separate(More)
The initial, nanometer-sized connection between the plasma membrane and a hormone- or neurotransmitter-filled vesicle -the fusion pore- can flicker open and closed repeatedly before dilating or resealing irreversibly. Pore dynamics determine release and vesicle recycling kinetics, but pore properties are poorly known because biochemically defined(More)
Hormones and neurotransmitters are released through fluctuating exocytotic fusion pores that can flicker open and shut multiple times. Cargo release and vesicle recycling depend on the fate of the pore, which may reseal or dilate irreversibly. Pore nucleation requires zippering between vesicle-associated v-SNAREs and target membrane t-SNAREs, but the(More)
It has been previously identified that α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid receptors (AMPARs) are expressed in pancreatic β cells and regulate exocytosis and insulin release. It is known that protein interacting with C‑kinase 1 (PICK1) regulates trafficking and synaptic targeting of AMPARs in the central nervous system. However, it is(More)
2562-Pos Board B254 Direct Detection of Reconstituted, Snare-Mediated Fusion Pore Dynamics Zhenyong Wu, Erdem Karatekin. Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. Exocytosis underlies release of neurotransmitters and hormones. Electrophysiological and electrochemical measurements from live cells have shown that(More)
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