Zhenxing Shao

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial disorder in which genetic factors act as important contributors to its onset and progression. Associations between genetic polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene cluster and OA susceptibility have been studied continuously in different ethnic groups, yielding controversial results. This study investigated the(More)
Runx2 is a powerful osteo-inductive factor and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent. However, it is unknown whether Runx2-overexpressing ADSCs (Runx2-ADSCs) could promote anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. We evaluated the effect of Runx2-ADSCs on ACL reconstruction in vitro and in vivo. mRNA expressions of osteocalcin (OCN),(More)
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) is a promising cell source candidate in tissue engineering (TE) and regenerative medicine. However, the inability to target MSCs in tissues of interest with high efficiency and engraftment has become a significant barrier for MSC-based therapies. The mobilization and transfer of MSCs to defective/damaged sites in tissues or(More)
Cartilage regeneration after trauma is still a great challenge for clinicians and researchers due to many reasons, such as joint load-bearing, synovial movement and the paucity of endogenous repair cells. To overcome these limitations, we constructed a functional biomaterial using a biphasic scaffold platform and a bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells(More)
BACKGROUND Cartilage repair still presents a challenge to clinicians and researchers alike. A more effective, simpler procedure that can produce hyaline-like cartilage is needed for articular cartilage repair. HYPOTHESIS A technique combining microfracture with a biomaterial scaffold of perforated decalcified cortical-cancellous bone matrix (DCCBM;(More)
Articular cartilage injury is still a significant challenge because of the poor intrinsic healing potential of cartilage. Stem cell-based tissue engineering is a promising technique for cartilage repair. As cartilage defects are usually irregular in clinical settings, scaffolds with moldability that can fill any shape of cartilage defects and closely(More)
Electrospinning is a promising technology for the fabrication of scaffolds in cartilage tissue engineering. Two other important elements for tissue engineering are seed cells and bioactive factors. Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) and rhTGF-β1 are extensively studied for cartilage regeneration. However, little is known about scaffolds that can both(More)
CALM1 gene encodes calmodulin (CaM), an important and ubiquitous eukaryotic Ca2+-binding protein. Several studies have indicated that a deficient CaM function is likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Using a convincing genome-wide association study, a Japanese group has recently demonstrated a genetic association between the(More)
The nanotopographical features of artificial scaffolds have complex effects on the biological characteristics of stem cells. They influence cell adhesion, spreading, proliferation, and differentiation; however we have limited knowledge on how these processes occur under nanotopographical cues. In this study, two kinds of electrospun nanofibrous meshes with(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and the precise etiology of this disease remains unclear. Genetic factors play a considerable role in pathogenesis of OA. Several OA-susceptibility genes have been identified. Recently, a new emerging role of pitx1 transcription factor in OA pathogenesis has been reported. Paired-like homeodomain(More)