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Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) is an important inflammatory mediator and has also the potential as an immunoadjuvant. Here we describe the isolation and characterization of yellowfin sea bream IL-1 beta (sbIL-1 beta) cDNA and gene. The sbIL-1 beta cDNA contains a 121-bp 5' untranslated region (UTR), a single open reading frame (ORF) of 762bp that translated(More)
Deletion of ribosomal protein L32 genes resulted in a nonsexual flocculation of fission yeast. Nonsexual flocculation also occurred when two other ribosomal protein genes, rpl21-2 and rpl9-2, were deleted. However, deletion of two nonribosomal protein genes, mpg and fbp, did not cause flocculation. Overall transcript levels of rpl32 in rpl32-1Δ and rpl32-2Δ(More)
A quantitative theory of protein folding should make testable predictions using theoretical models and simulations performed under conditions that closely mimic those used in experiments. Typically, in laboratory experiments folding or unfolding is initiated using denaturants or external mechanical force, whereas theories and simulations use temperature as(More)
Quantitative description of how proteins fold under experimental conditions remains a challenging problem. Experiments often use urea and guanidinium chloride to study folding whereas the natural variable in simulations is temperature. To bridge the gap, we use the molecular transfer model that combines measured denaturant-dependent transfer free energies(More)
It is suspected that correlated motions among a subset of spatially separated residues drive conformational dynamics not only in multidomain but also in single domain proteins. Sequence and structure-based methods have been proposed to determine covariation between two sites on a protein. The statistical coupling analysis (SCA) that compares the changes in(More)
We use molecular simulations using a coarse-grained model to map the folding landscape of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP), which is extensively used as a marker in cell biology and biotechnology. Thermal and Guanidinium chloride (GdmCl) induced unfolding of a variant of GFP, without the chromophore, occurs in an apparent two-state manner. The calculated(More)
A theoretical basis for the molecular transfer model (MTM), which takes into account the effects of denaturants by combining experimental data and molecular models for proteins, is provided. We show that the MTM is a mean field-like model that implicitly takes into account denaturant-induced many body interactions. The MTM in conjunction with the(More)
OBJECTIVE The traditional Chinese medicinal Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza), has long been used to treat cardiovascular diseases, however, the mechanism underlying its effects remain unclear. Here, this study would to investigate the effects of Danshen injection on myocardial infarction-induced cardiac damage. METHODS Danshen was injected into mice models(More)
Imidacloprid, the largest selling insecticide in the world, is more stable in soil, and its environmental residue and effects are attracting people's close attention. One of imidacloprid metabolism pathways was degraded to CO2 through olefin imidacloprid pathway. Here, we report that sucrose as a utilizable substrate enhanced the cometabolism of(More)
1. CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license peer-reviewed) is the author/funder. It is made available under a The copyright holder for this preprint (which was not. Abstract A major challenge in molecular simulations is to describe denaturant-dependent folding of proteins order to make direct comparisons with in vitro experiments. We use the molecular transfer(More)