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The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of exogenous 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) on the substances involved in antioxidation and osmoregulation responses of young grape plants under chilling stress. The grapevine leaves were sprayed with 0 (control), 0.05, 0.10 or 0.15 mg/L of 24-epibrassinolide and then exposed to 4 and 0 °C for 24 h,(More)
The rapid increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity is becoming an important health problem. Overweight and obesity may cause several metabolic complications, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease as well as hypertension. Prevention and treatment of obesity will benefit the treatment of(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as abdominal central obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance and hypertension. The rapid increasing prevalence of MetS and the consequent diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorder, are becoming a global epidemic health problem. Despite considerable research(More)
BACKGROUND Proteomics is increasingly becoming an important tool for the study of many different aspects of plant functions, such as investigating the molecular processes underlying in plant physiology, development, differentiation and their interaction with the environments. To investigate the cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) proteome, we extracted(More)
Although galanin has been shown to increase GLUT4 expression in the cardiac muscle of rats, there is no literature available about the effect of GalR1 on GLUT4 expression in the cardiac muscle of type 2 diabetic rats. The aim of this study was to determine whether intracerebroventricular injection of GalR1 agonist M617 would elevate GLUT4 expression in the(More)
The diabetic heart is characterized by its impaired ability to utilize glucose. Therapeutic interventions focusing on reducing insulin resistance and enhancing glucose uptake may improve prevention and treatment of the diabetic heart. Recent studies provided some compelling clues that neuropeptide galanin is closely associated with insulin sensitivity in(More)
BACKGROUND Galanin is a 29/30-amino acid peptide that stimulates food intake and regulates energy metabolism. A significantly higher level of plasma galanin was found in diabetes in non-pregnant women, but there are no data regarding galanin levels in diabetes in pregnant women. In this study we compared plasma galanin concentrations in pregnant women with(More)
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are the leading cause of food-borne illness, accounting for 58% of U.S. cases. Because HuNoVs are unculturable, surrogates are needed to investigate transmission routes and evaluate disinfection methods. However, the current surrogates, feline calicivirus (FCV) and murine NoV (MNV), are less tolerant than HuNoVs to acid and(More)
Recent studies indicate that systemic administration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α induces increases in corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) and CRH type 1 receptors in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). In this study, we explored the hypothesis that CRH in the PVN contributes to sympathoexcitation via interaction with neurotransmitters in(More)
The pathogenesis of GIII.2 bovine norovirus (BoNoV) is not well understood. Our study demonstrated persisting diarrhea and prolonged fecal shedding, but with a lack of significant intestinal lesions in gnotobiotic (Gn) calves infected with GIII.2 BoNoV, CV186-OH/00/US strain. Nine 4 to 7-day-old Angus/Jersey crossbred Gn calves were orally inoculated with(More)