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The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of exogenous 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) on the substances involved in antioxidation and osmoregulation responses of young grape plants under chilling stress. The grapevine leaves were sprayed with 0 (control), 0.05, 0.10 or 0.15 mg/L of 24-epibrassinolide and then exposed to 4 and 0 °C for 24 h,(More)
The rapid increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity is becoming an important health problem. Overweight and obesity may cause several metabolic complications, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease as well as hypertension. Prevention and treatment of obesity will benefit the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Proteomics is increasingly becoming an important tool for the study of many different aspects of plant functions, such as investigating the molecular processes underlying in plant physiology, development, differentiation and their interaction with the environments. To investigate the cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) proteome, we extracted(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is caused by progressive degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc), resulting in the deficiency of DA in the striatum. Thus, symptoms are developed, such as akinesia, rigidity and tremor. The aetiology of neuronal death in PD still remains unclear. Several possible mechanisms of the(More)
Epidemiological and clinical studies demonstrated that type 2 diabetes mellitus and depression are interconnected. Depression is an important risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, while patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus frequently have depressive symptoms. Despite many studies recently probed into the comorbid state of both(More)
Recent studies indicate that systemic administration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α induces increases in corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) and CRH type 1 receptors in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). In this study, we explored the hypothesis that CRH in the PVN contributes to sympathoexcitation via interaction with neurotransmitters in(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate whether galanin (GAL) central receptors are involved in regulation of insulin resistance. To test it, a GAL antagonist, M35 was intracerebroventricularly administrated in trained type 2 diabetic rats. The euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp test was conducted for an index of glucose infusion rates. The epididymal fat(More)
Although a significantly higher level of plasma galanin was found in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in our previous study, it is unknown whether plasma galanin is biomarker for the prediction of GDM. The present study aims to further evaluate the relationship between endogenous galanin and GDM in pregnant women and to find out the precise(More)
Although galanin has been shown to increase GLUT4 expression in the cardiac muscle of rats, there is no literature available about the effect of GalR1 on GLUT4 expression in the cardiac muscle of type 2 diabetic rats. The aim of this study was to determine whether intracerebroventricular injection of GalR1 agonist M617 would elevate GLUT4 expression in the(More)
There is a need for an endogenous internal control (EIC) for PCRs to monitor the quality and quantity of DNA in test samples. We designed and validated a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-PCR targeting the mammalian homolog of the hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS) gene as an EIC for PCRs on mammals. The designed FRET-PCR detected the HMBS gene(More)