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A clinically-related animal model of Parkinson's disease (PD) may enable the elucidation of the etiology of the disease and assist the development of medications. However, none of the current neurotoxin-based models recapitulates the main clinical features of the disease or the pathological hallmarks, such as dopamine (DA) neuron specificity of degeneration(More)
Cucumber, Cucumis sativus L., is an economically important vegetable crop which is processed or consumed fresh worldwide. However, the narrow genetic base in cucumber makes it difficult for constructing high-density genetic maps. The development of massively parallel genotyping methods and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies provides an excellent(More)
Synaptic loss in the brain correlates well with disease severity in Alzheimer disease (AD). Deficits in brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tropomyosin-receptor-kinase B (TrkB) signaling contribute to the synaptic dysfunction of AD. We have recently identified 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) as a potent TrkB agonist that displays therapeutic efficacy toward(More)
In the absence of a cure for Parkinson's disease, development of preventive medications for this devastating disease is particularly encouraged. Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP), an established natural antioxidant for clinical stroke treatment in China, can reportedly reduce beta-amyloid-induced neuronal toxicity in cultured neuronal cells, and attenuate(More)
We studied the effect of cholecalciferol (VD3) intake on VD3 status and markers of calcium (Ca) homeostasis in mice and rats. Serum 25 hydroxycholecalciferol (25OH-VD3) concentrations were increased in animals fed diets containing 400-20,000 international units (IU) VD3/kg (37 nmol.L(-1).1000 IU VD3(-1)), but body weight, serum Ca, and duodenal gene(More)
3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (edaravone), an effective free radical scavenger, provides neuroprotection in stroke models and patients. In this study, we investigated its neuroprotective effects in a chronic rotenone rat model for Parkinson's disease. Here we showed that a five-week treatment with edaravone abolished rotenone's activity to induce(More)
Postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer frequently respond paradoxically to estrogen administration with tumor regression. Using both LTED and E8CASS cells derived from MCF-7 breast cancer cells by long-term estrogen-deprivation, we previously reported that 17β -estradiol (estradiol) is a powerful, pro-apoptotic hormone(More)
Activation of androgen receptor (AR) may have a role in the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Two intracellular tyrosine kinases, Ack1 (activated cdc42-associated kinase) and Src, phosphorylate and enhance AR activity and promote prostate xenograft tumor growth in castrated animals. However, the upstream signals that activate these(More)
Mutations of the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene have reportedly been associated with Parkinson disease (PD) in various ethnic populations such as Singaporean, Japanese, Formosan, Canadian, American, Portuguese, Greek, Brazilian, British, Italian, Ashkenazi Jewish, southern and southwestern Chinese. The purpose of this study is to determine in central China(More)
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP-2) is an important nuclear transcription factor in the regulation of cellular cholesterol metabolism. To determine allele frequency of the 1784G>C polymorphism at the SREBP-2 locus and investigate the relationship between this polymorphism and serum lipid levels in Chinese people, we selected 486(More)