Zhensong Zhang

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Low driving voltage blue, green, yellow, red and white phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with a common simply double emitting layer (D-EML) structure are investigated. Our OLEDs without any out-coupling schemes as well as n-doping strategies show low driving voltage, e.g. < 2.4 V for onset and < 3 V for 1000 cd/m2, and high efficiency of(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can enhance plant Cr tolerance through immobilizing Cr in mycorrhizal roots. However, the detailed processes and mechanisms are unclear. The present study focused on cellular distribution and speciation of Cr in both extraradical mycelium (ERM) and mycorrhizal roots exposed to Cr(VI) by using field emission scanning(More)
White light can be realized by mixing red, green, and blue (RGB; the three primary colors) light [ 1 ] or by mixing two complementary colors, such as sky blue and yellow lights. [ 3 ] Because of the ideal characteristics of the phosphors, in particular their ability to harvest triplet excitons and potential 100% internal quantum effi ciency, [ 4 ](More)
Two dibenzothiophene (DBT)-based phosphine oxide hosts, named 4-diphenylphosphoryl dibenzothiophene (DBTSPO) and 4,6-bis(diphenylphosphoryl) dibenzothiophene (DBTDPO), were prepared by short-axis substitution with the aim to selectively adjust electrical properties. The combined effects of short-axis substitution and the involvement of electron-donating S(More)
The controllable tuning of the excited states in a series of phosphine-oxide hosts (DPExPOCzn) was realized through introducing carbazolyl and diphenylphosphine-oxide (DPPO) moieties to adjust the frontier molecular orbitals, molecular rigidity, and the location of the triplet excited states by suppressing the intramolecular interplay of the combined(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), ubiquitous soil fungi that form symbiotic relationships with the majority of terrestrial plants, are known to play an important role in plant tolerance to chromium (Cr) contamination. However, the underlying mechanisms, especially the direct influences of AMF on the translocation and transformation of Cr in the soil-plant(More)
Preserved high first triplet energy levels and improved electrical properties of two donor-acceptor type carbazole-phosphine oxide hosts were achieved through short-axis substitution to realize efficient PHOLEDs with extremely low driving voltages of 2.6 V for onset and <3.2 V at 100 cd m(-2).
A series of donor (D)-π-acceptor (A)-type phosphine-oxide hosts (DBF(x) POPhCz(n)), which were composed of phenylcarbazole, dibenzofuran (DBF), and diphenylphosphine-oxide (DPPO) moieties, were designed and synthesized. Phenyl π-spacer groups were inserted between the carbazolyl and DBF groups, which effectively weakened the charge transfer and(More)
The purposeful modulation of the optoelectronic properties was realised on the basis of a series of the large, conjugated, phosphine oxide hosts 9,9-bis-{4'-[2-(diphenylphosphinoyl)phenoxy]biphenyl-4-yl}-9H-fluorene (DDPESPOF), 9,9-bis-{3'-(diphenylphosphinoyl)-4'-[2-(diphenylphosphinoyl)phenoxy]biphenyl-4-yl}-9H-fluorene (DDPEPOF),(More)