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—The invariance relation existing in the non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is used for constructing robust image hashes in this work. The image is first re-scaled to a fixed size. Low-pass filtering is performed on the luminance component of the re-sized image to produce a normalized matrix. Entries in the normalized matrix are pseudo-randomly(More)
—Encryption is an efficient way to protect the contents of digital media. Arnold transform is a significant technique of image encryption, but has weaknesses in security and applications to images of any size. To solve these problems, we propose an image encryption scheme using Arnold transform and random strategies. It is achieved by dividing the image(More)
—Motivated by the image rescaling estimation method proposed by Gallagher (2nd Canadian Conf. Computer & Robot Vision, 2005: 65–72), we develop an image rotation angle estimator based on the relations between the rotation angle and the frequencies at which peaks due to interpolation occur in the spectrum of the image's edge map. We then use(More)
Image hash is a content-based compact representation of an image for applications such as image copy detection, digital watermarking, and image authentication. This paper proposes a lexicographical-structured framework to generate image hashes. The system consists of two parts: dictionary construction and maintenance, and hash generation. The dictionary is(More)
Image encryption is a useful technique for many applications, such as image content protection, image authentication, pay-TV and data hiding. In this paper, we propose an efficient image encryption algorithm with block shuffling and chaotic map. The proposed algorithm divides an input image into overlapping blocks, shuffles image blocks to make initial(More)
— Robustness and discrimination are two of the most important objectives in image hashing. We incorporate ring partition and invariant vector distance to image hashing algorithm for enhancing rotation robustness and discriminative capability. As ring partition is unrelated to image rotation, the statistical features that are extracted from image rings in(More)
Image hashing is a new technology in multimedia security. It maps visually identical images to the same or similar short strings called image hashes, and finds applications in image retrieval, image authentication, digital watermarking, image indexing, and image copy detection. This paper presents a perceptual hashing for color images. The input image in(More)