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BACKGROUND & AIMS Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are becoming more common in Asia, but epidemiologic data are lacking. The Asia-Pacific Crohn's and Colitis Epidemiology Study aimed to determine the incidence and phenotype of IBD in 8 countries across Asia and in Australia. METHODS We performed a prospective, population-based study of IBD incidence in(More)
UNLABELLED In this study, we determined whether repeated brief isoflurane (Iso) anesthesia induces ischemic tolerance to focal cerebral ischemia in a dose-response manner and whether the effect is dependent on adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium channels. In Experiment 1, 40 rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups: control animals received 100%(More)
OBJECTIVE The rising incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Asia supports the importance of environmental risk factors in disease aetiology. This prospective population-based case-control study in Asia-Pacific examined risk factors prior to patients developing IBD. DESIGN 442 incident cases (186 Crohn's disease (CD); 256 UC; 374 Asians) diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in China with urbanization and socioeconomic development. There is however a lack of prospective, population-based epidemiology study on IBD in China. The aim of the study is to define the incidence and clinical characteristics of IBD in a developed region of Guangdong(More)
The present study examined the hypothesis that spinal cord ischemic tolerance induced by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning is triggered by an initial oxidative stress and is associated with an increase of antioxidant enzyme activities as one effector of the neuroprotection. New Zealand White rabbits were subjected to HBO preconditioning, hyperbaric(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) are chronic granulomatous disorders that are difficult to distinguish. Computed tomographic enterography (CTE) yields striking findings for Crohn's disease in the small bowel but its role in differentiating Crohn's from ITB is undefined. This prospective study aimed to investigate the value of CTE(More)
BACKGROUND Ethyl pyruvate (EP) has been reported to offer a protective effect against ischemic injury through its antiinflammatory action. The nuclear protein high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) can activate inflammatory pathways when released from ischemic cells. This study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of EP against spinal cord(More)
BACKGROUND Cholinergic arousal system plays an important role in the maintenance of consciousness. The authors investigated whether the intrabasalis injection of orexin-A or orexin-B and the electrically stimulated pedunculopontine tegmentum nuclei (PPTg: the origin of cholinergic ascending pathways) may alter acetylcholine efflux and(More)
Electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment can induce the tolerance against focal cerebral ischemia. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood. Emerging evidences suggest that canonical Notch signaling may be involved in ischemic brain injury. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that EA pretreatment-induced tolerance against(More)