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CCND1 mRNA is alternatively spliced to produce 2 transcripts, and the splicing pattern may be modulated by a frequent A870G single-nucleotide polymorphism within the conserved splice donor site of exon 4. Several studies have suggested a significant association between the CCND1 genotype and onset or progression of various cancers. To investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND A body-weight-based dose of tacrolimus often results in marked individual diversity of blood drug concentration. Tacrolimus is a substrate for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 and p-glycoprotein encoded by CYP3A5 and MDR1 (ABCB1), respectively, having multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms. In this study, we genotyped CYP3A5 A6986G, MDR1 G2677(A/T),(More)
Gastric cancer is one of the most common digestive malignancies worldwide. N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) is a differentiation-related gene that is considered to be a metastasis suppressor gene. In this study, we examined the expression and DNA methylation of NDRG2 in gastric cancer cell lines and tissues, as well as its clinical significance.(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) plays a significant role in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of prostate epithelial and stromal cells. We explored the association between the T (Leu) to C (Pro) polymorphism at codon10 of the TGF-beta1 gene (TGFB1) and the risk of prostate cancer (PCa) or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in 351 PCa(More)
Tamoxifen is widely used to treat hormone-dependent breast cancer, but its therapeutic benefit is limited by the development of drug resistance. Here, we investigated the role of estrogen G-protein coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) on Tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. Primary tumors (PTs) of breast cancer and corresponding metastases (MTs) were used to(More)
As tools for personal storage, file synchronization and data sharing, cloud storage services such as Dropbox have quickly gained popularity. These services provide users with ubiquitous, reliable data storage that can be automatically synced across multiple devices, and also shared among a group of users. To minimize the network overhead, cloud storage(More)
OBJECTIVE To study age-dependent changes in beta-adrenergic responsiveness and their possible mechanisms. METHODS Responsiveness to the beta-adrenergic agonists isoprenaline, BRL37344, forskolin, and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (DBcAMP) was examined in samples from 10 older patients by using a cellular function test. A radioligand binding assay was performed(More)
Apoptosis plays a critical role in the diabetic cardiomyopathy, and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is one of the intrinsic apoptosis pathways. Previous studies have shown that the endoplasmic reticulum becomes swollen and dilated in diabetic myocardium, and ERS is involved in heart failure and diabetic kidney. This study is aimed to demonstrate whether(More)
PURPOSE The SRD5A2 gene codes the steroid 5-reductase type II, a critical mediator of androgen action, and the V89L and A49T polymorphisms of this gene may be associated with a distinct enzyme activity. We explored the association among these polymorphisms and the risk of prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a Japanese population. (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE This study was performed to confirm the cross-sectional and longitudinal construct validity of the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) for the measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with IPF. METHODS Sixty-eight patients with IPF responded to the SGRQ and pulmonary function tests (PFT),(More)