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BACKGROUND Salvage liver transplantation (SLT) has been reported as being feasible for patients who develop recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after primary liver resection, but this finding remains controversial. We retrospectively studied the clinical characteristics of SLT recipients and conducted a comparison between SLT recipients and primary(More)
Aberrant tumor cell B7-H1 expression, a member of B7 family that can predominantly stimulate interleukin 10 (IL-10) products, contributed to the tumor immune evasion and tumor progression. This study was designed to investigate the expression of B7-H1 and IL-10 in normal pancreas tissues and pancreatic carcinoma samples, and to evaluate clinical(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second-most common age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder and is caused by severe degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Unfortunately, current treatment only targets symptoms and involves dopamine replacement therapy, which does not counteract progressive degeneration. MicroRNAs(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and usually develops in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). Biomarkers that discriminate HCC from LC are important but are limited. In the present study, an ultraperformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)-based metabonomics approach was used to characterize serum(More)
The main aims of this study were to determine the expression of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in endometrial cancer and to explore the relationships between HE4 expression, clinicopathological parameters, and prognosis. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect HE4 expression in 102 cases of endometrial cancer, 30 cases of endometrial atypical hyperplasia,(More)
The efficacy of cancer drugs is often limited because only a small fraction of the administered dose accumulates in tumors. Here we report an injectable nanoparticle generator (iNPG) that overcomes multiple biological barriers to cancer drug delivery. The iNPG is a discoidal micrometer-sized particle that can be loaded with chemotherapeutics. We conjugate(More)
PD-L1 (CD274) is a critical membrane-bound costimulatory molecule that inhibits immune responses through its receptor, PD-1. Previous data have showed that this molecule is associated with autoimmune diseases, chronic viral infections and tumor immune escape. However, the existence and role of soluble form of human PD-L1 (sPD-L1) remain unknown. We show(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the expression levels of RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) and class III β-tubulin (TUBB3) in ovarian cancer and to determine if there is a correlation between their expression and resistance to chemotherapy in ovarian cancer. The protein expression of REST and TUBB3 in ovarian cancer was detected by(More)
Mechanical properties of the myocardium have been investigated intensively in the last four decades. Many complex strain energy functions have been used to estimate the stress-strain relationship of myocardium because the heart muscle is an inhomogeneous, anisotropic, and nearly incompressible material, which undergoes large deformations. These functions(More)
Optical molecular imaging resulting from Cerenkov radiation has become a motivating topic recently and will potentially open new avenues for the study of small animal imaging. Cerenkov-based optical imaging taken from living animals in vivo has been studied with two-dimensional (2D) planar geometry and three-dimensional (3D) homogeneous mouse model. In this(More)