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An ultrathin amorphous silicon solar cell with conformal zig-zag nanoconfiguration is studied from both light-trapping and light-conversion perspectives. The design improves the front antireflection property, optimizes the rear metallic reflector, and elongates the optical path inside the photoactive layer. Compared to conventional nanoconfigurations, this(More)
A photonic crystal design that significantly enhances the absorption of tandem thin-film solar cells composed by amorphous and microcrystalline silicon (i.e., a-Si:H/μc-Si:H tandem cell) is proposed. The top junction with a-Si:H is nanopatterned as a one-dimensional photonic crystal. Considering the photocurrent matching, we optimally design the junction(More)
We propose a design of crystalline silicon thin-film solar cells (c-Si TFSCs, 2 μm-thick) configured with partially embedded dielectric spheres on the light-injecting side. The intrinsic light trapping and photoconversion are simulated by the complete optoelectronic simulation. It shows that the embedding depth of the spheres provides an effective way to(More)
The organic/silicon (Si) hybrid heterojunction solar cells (HHSCs) have attracted considerable attention due to their potential advantages in high efficiency and low cost. However, as a newly arisen photovoltaic device, its current efficiency is still much worse than commercially available Si solar cells. Therefore, a comprehensive and systematical(More)
UNLABELLED A dual-diameter nanohole (DNH) photovoltaic system is proposed, where a top (bottom) layer with large (small) nanoholes is used to improve the absorption for the short-wavelength (long-wavelength) solar incidence, leading to a broadband light absorption enhancement. Through three-dimensional finite-element simulation, the core device parameters,(More)
Tandem solar cells consisting of amorphous and microcrystalline silicon junctions with the top junction nanopatterned as a two-dimensional photonic crystal are studied. Broadband light trapping, detailed electron/hole transport, and photocurrent matching modulation are considered. It is found that the absorptances of both junctions can be significantly(More)
Surface-texture with silicon (Si) nanopyramid arrays has been considered as a promising choice for extremely high performance solar cells due to their excellent anti-reflective effects and inherent low parasitic surface areas. However, the current techniques of fabricating Si nanopyramid arrays are always complicated and cost-ineffective. Here, a high(More)
Among new flexible transparent conductive electrode (TCE) candidates, ultrathin Ag film (UTAF) is attractive for its extremely low resistance and relatively high transparency. However, the performances of UTAF based TCEs critically depend on the threshold thickness for growth of continuous Ag films and the film morphologies. Here, we demonstrate that these(More)
For trust is subjective, ambiguous, and has other characteristics, this paper proposed an affair-based interpersonal trust metric calculation method to quantify the value of trust. The method defined two trees, one is "trust performance tree" in which the main factors affecting trust are abstractively subdivided into different levels of trust performance,(More)