Zhengzhong Xu

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Macrophages (MΦ) and dendritic cells (DCs) are both pivotal antigen presenting cells capable of inducing specific cellular responses to inhaled mycobacteria, and thus, they may be important in the initiation of early immune responses to mycobacterial infection. In this study, we evaluated and compared the roles of murine splenic DCs and MΦs in immunity(More)
Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) represents not only a significant economic concern, but also an important public health problem. Currently, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) release assays (IGRAs) are widely used as an adjunct to the tuberculin test (TST) for the diagnosis of BTB. A great number of international studies have demonstrated that the sensitivity of the IFN-γ(More)
A stable mammalian cell line expressing highly active bovine interferon-gamma (BoIFN-γ) was generated using Flp recombinase-mediated integration. This recombinant 293 cell line (B1) efficiently secreted FLAG-tagged BoIFN-γ protein into the culture supernatant, as determined by ELISA and Western blot. The recombinant BoIFN-γ exhibited high anti-viral(More)
Deaths associated with tuberculosis (TB) is rising and accounted for 1.4 million deaths in 2015 many of which were due to drug-resistant bacteria. Vaccines represent an important medical intervention, but the current Bacilli Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is not ideal for the protection of teenagers and adults. Therefore, a safe and effective vaccine is(More)
The Ag85 complex functions as the main secretory protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) and BCG. This complex is composed of the proteins, Ag85A, Ag85B, and Ag85C, with Ag85A thought to play the largest role within the complex. However, the lack of commercially available monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against Ag85A still hinders the(More)
We established an ELISPOT for bovine interferon-gamma (BoIFN-γ), and applied it in the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (bTB). Monoclonal antibodies that can bind with native BoIFN-γ were screened as the coating antibody and detecting antibody. After optimization of detecting conditions including coating antibody concentration, cell number, and detecting(More)
Antigen Rv2628 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is associated with latent tuberculosis infection. In this study, Rv2628 was prokaryotic expressed and purified, its immunological characteristics was evaluated with macrophage cell line RAW264.7 and BALB/c mice. The results show that Rv2628 was mainly expressed in form of inclusion body confirmed by SDS-PAGE, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to express Mycobacterium tuberculosis MPT83 protein and to evaluate its immunogenicity in murine model as well as the serological diagnosis potential value for bovine tuberculosis. METHODS The fragment of mpt83 gene was amplified and constructed into pET30a(+)-mpt83 recombinant plasmid. MPT83 fusion protein was purified(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are composed of distinct subsets. Their immunologic functions (especially in pathogenic infection, such as with mycobacteria) are poorly understood, largely because of their rarity and difficulty of preparation. We used the murine Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (Flt3) ligand to generate conventional DCs (FL-cDCs) and plasmacytoid DCs(More)